Página 1 dos resultados de 52 itens digitais encontrados em 0.016 segundos

‣ Galectin-1 Induces Reversible Phosphatidylserine Exposure at the Plasma Membrane

STOWELL, Sean R.; KARMAKAR, Sougata; ARTHUR, Connie M.; JU, Tongzhong; RODRIGUES, Lilian C.; RIUL, Thalita B.; DIAS-BARUFFI, Marcelo; MINER, Jonathan; MCEVER, Rodger P.; CUMMINGS, Richard D.
Fonte: AMER SOC CELL BIOLOGY Publicador: AMER SOC CELL BIOLOGY
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Cells normally undergo physiological turnover through the induction of apoptosis and phagocytic removal, partly through exposure of cell surface phosphatidylserine (PS). In contrast, neutrophils appear to possess apoptosis-independent mechanisms of removal. Here we show that Galectin-1 (Gal-1) induces PS exposure independent of alterations in mitochondrial potential, caspase activation, or cell death. Furthermore, Gal-1-induced PS exposure reverts after Gal-1 removal without altering cell viability. Gal-1-induced PS exposure is uniquely microdomain restricted, yet cells exposing PS do not display evident alterations in membrane morphology nor do they exhibit bleb formation, typically seen in apoptotic cells. Long-term exposure to Gal-1 prolongs PS exposure with no alteration in cell cycle progression or cell growth. These results demonstrate that Gal-1-induced PS exposure and subsequent phagocytic removal of living cells represents a new paradigm in cellular turnover.; National Institutes of Health (NIH)[HL085607]

‣ Alboserpin, a Factor Xa Inhibitor from the Mosquito Vector of Yellow Fever, Binds Heparin and Membrane Phospholipids and Exhibits Antithrombotic Activity

CALVO, Eric; MIZURINI, Daniella M.; SA-NUNES, Anderson; RIBEIRO, Jose M. C.; ANDERSEN, John F.; MANS, Ben J.; MONTEIRO, Robson Q.; KOTSYFAKIS, Michail; FRANCISCHETTI, Ivo M. B.
Fonte: AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC Publicador: AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
375.0805%
The molecular mechanism of factor Xa (FXa) inhibition by Alboserpin, the major salivary gland anticoagulant from the mosquito and yellow fever vector Aedes albopictus, has been characterized. cDNA of Alboserpin predicts a 45-kDa protein that belongs to the serpin family of protease inhibitors. Recombinant Alboserpin displays stoichiometric, competitive, reversible and tight binding to FXa (picomolar range). Binding is highly specific and is not detectable for FX, catalytic site-blocked FXa, thrombin, and 12 other enzymes. Alboserpin displays high affinity binding to heparin (K(D) similar to 20 nM), but no change in FXa inhibition was observed in the presence of the cofactor, implying that bridging mechanisms did not take place. Notably, Alboserpin was also found to interact with phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine but not with phosphatidylserine. Further, annexin V (in the absence of Ca(2+)) or heparin outcompetes Alboserpin for binding to phospholipid vesicles, suggesting a common binding site. Consistent with its activity, Alboserpin blocks prothrombinase activity and increases both prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time in vitro or ex vivo. Furthermore, Alboserpin prevents thrombus formation provoked by ferric chloride injury of the carotid artery and increases bleeding in a dose-dependent manner. Alboserpin emerges as an atypical serpin that targets FXa and displays unique phospholipid specificity. It conceivably uses heparin and phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidylethanolamine as anchors to increase protein localization and effective concentration at sites of injury...

‣ Efeito da desintegrina recombinante DisBa-01 incorporada em micelas ou livre em células portando ou não a integrina αvβ3

Ribeiro, Lívia Carolina de Abreu
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 111 f. : grafs.
Português
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388.31543%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 10/05428-0; Processo FAPESP: 10/01568-2; Pós-graduação em Biociências e Biotecnologia Aplicadas à Farmácia - FCFAR; Introduction: integrin αvβ3 sustain cellular adhesion to vitronectin and is expressed on a diversity of human tumors but is present at very low levels on normal tissues, with notable expression on bone marrow-derived cells. The recombinant disintegrin DisBa-01 binds to αvβ3 integrin, inhibiting cell adhesion to vitronectin. It also features an in vivo anti-metastatic ability and in vitro anti-thrombotic function. Micelles are a transport system that can direct a drug to the target tissue passively, accumulating where microvasculature is more permeable, which happens on cancer. Objectives: to verify adhesion loss, mediators production, citotoxicity and anoikis generated by disintegrin DisBa-01, both in its free form or incorporated into micelles, in cell lines expressing or not αvβ3 integrin. Methods: the disintegrin was expressed in Escherichia coli using a cDNA fused to vector pET28a, and then purified by chromatography and dialyses. Control micelles (M-C) or containing disintegrin (M-DB) were assembled using polysorbate 80 and soy phosphatidylcholine...

‣ Angiostatin binds ATP synthase on the surface of human endothelial cells

Moser, Tammy L.; Stack, M. Sharon; Asplin, Iain; Enghild, Jan J.; Højrup, Peter; Everitt, Lorraine; Hubchak, Susan; Schnaper, H. William; Pizzo, Salvatore V.
Fonte: The National Academy of Sciences Publicador: The National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/03/1999 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
375.0805%
Angiostatin, a proteolytic fragment of plasminogen, is a potent antagonist of angiogenesis and an inhibitor of endothelial cell migration and proliferation. To determine whether the mechanism by which angiostatin inhibits endothelial cell migration and/or proliferation involves binding to cell surface plasminogen receptors, we isolated the binding proteins for plasminogen and angiostatin from human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Binding studies demonstrated that plasminogen and angiostatin bound in a concentration-dependent, saturable manner. Plasminogen binding was unaffected by a 100-fold molar excess of angiostatin, indicating the presence of a distinct angiostatin binding site. This finding was confirmed by ligand blot analysis of isolated human umbilical vein endothelial cell plasma membrane fractions, which demonstrated that plasminogen bound to a 44-kDa protein, whereas angiostatin bound to a 55-kDa species. Amino-terminal sequencing coupled with peptide mass fingerprinting and immunologic analyses identified the plasminogen binding protein as annexin II and the angiostatin binding protein as the α/β-subunits of ATP synthase. The presence of this protein on the cell surface was confirmed by flow cytometry and immunofluorescence analysis. Angiostatin also bound to the recombinant α-subunit of human ATP synthase...

‣ Hepatitis C Virus Core Protein Binds to the Cytoplasmic Domain of Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) Receptor 1 and Enhances TNF-Induced Apoptosis

Zhu, Nongliao; Khoshnan, Ali; Schneider, Robert; Matsumoto, Masayuki; Dennert, Gunther; Ware, Carl; Lai, Michael M. C.
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1998 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
389.181%
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein is known to be a multifunctional protein, besides being a component of viral nucleocapsids. Previously, we have shown that the core protein binds to the cytoplasmic domain of lymphotoxin β receptor, which is a member of tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) family. In this study, we demonstrated that the core protein also binds to the cytoplasmic domain of TNFR 1. The interaction was demonstrated both by glutathione S-transferase fusion protein pull-down assay in vitro and membrane flotation method in vivo. Both the in vivo and in vitro binding required amino acid residues 345 to 407 of TNFR 1, which corresponds to the “death domain” of this receptor. We have further shown that stable expression of the core protein in a mouse cell line (BC10ME) or human cell lines (HepG2 and HeLa cells) sensitized them to TNF-induced apoptosis, as determined by the TNF cytotoxicity or annexin V apoptosis assay. The presence of the core protein did not alter the level of TNFR 1 mRNA in the cells or expression of TNFR 1 on the cell surface, suggesting that the sensitization of cells to TNF by the viral core protein was not due to up-regulation of TNFR 1. Furthermore, we observed that the core protein blocked the TNF-induced activation of RelA/NF-κB in murine BC10ME cells...

‣ Localization of the apoptosis-inducing activity of lupus anticoagulant in an annexin V-binding antibody subset.

Nakamura, N; Ban, T; Yamaji, K; Yoneda, Y; Wada, Y
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/05/1998 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Lupus anticoagulant (LAC) is associated with arterial and venous thrombosis, thrombocytopenia, and recurrent fetal loss. We have reported previously that plasma with LAC activity induces apoptosis in endothelial cells and binds annexin V (Nakamura, N., Y. Shidara, N. Kawaguchi, C. Azuma, N. Mitsuda, S. Onishi, K. Yamaji, and Y. Wada. 1994. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 205:1488-1493). In this study, we separated two IgG antibody fractions, one with and one without affinity for annexin V, from 10 patients with LAC. LAC and apoptotic activities were localized in the annexin V-binding fraction in all 10 patients. DNA fragmentation was dose-dependent, paralleling the amount of IgG added to the human umbilical vein endothelial cell culture medium, and was inhibited by preincubation with annexin V. Removal of the antiphospholipid antibodies from patient IgG with phospholipid liposomes did not abolish the apoptosis-inducing activities or binding to annexin V. These results imply that patients with LAC often have antibodies that do not bind phospholipids and are responsible for the induction of apoptosis in endothelial cells.

‣ The crystal and molecular structure of human annexin V, an anticoagulant protein that binds to calcium and membranes.

Huber, R; Römisch, J; Paques, E P
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/1990 Português
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Human annexin V (PP4), a member of the family of calcium, membrane binding proteins, has been crystallized in the presence of calcium and analysed by crystallography by multiple isomorphic replacement at 3 A and preliminarily refined at 2.5 A resolution. The molecule has dimensions of 64 x 40 x 30 A3 and is folded into four domains of similar structure. Each domain consists of five alpha-helices wound into a right-handed superhelix yielding a globular structure of approximately 18 A diameter. The domains have hydrophobic cores whose amino acid sequences are conserved between the domains and within the annexin family of proteins. The four domains are folded into an almost planar array by tight (hydrophobic) pair-wise packing of domains II and III and I and IV to generate modules (II-III) and (I-IV), respectively. The assembly is symmetric with three parallel approximate diads relating II to III, I to IV and the module (II-III) to (I-IV), respectively. The latter diad marks a channel through the centre of the molecule coated with charged amino acid residues. The protein has structural features of channel forming membrane proteins and a polar surface characteristic of soluble proteins. It is a member of the third class of amphipathic proteins different from soluble and membrane proteins.

‣ Isolation, characterization and localization of annexin V from chicken liver.

Boustead, C M; Brown, R; Walker, J H
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/04/1993 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
524.0765%
Annexin V has been purified from chicken liver; 40 mg of annexin V was obtained per kg of tissue. In contrast with mammalian liver, very little annexin VI was obtained. Surprisingly, chicken liver annexin V resembles mammalian annexin IV in its M(r) (32,500) and its isoelectric point (5.6), but amino-acid-sequence analysis demonstrates identity with chicken annexin V (anchorin CII). It binds to phospholipids in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner with free-Ca2+ concentrations for half-maximal binding to phosphatidylserine and phosphatidic acid of 10 microM; phosphatidylethanolamine of 32 microM and phosphatidylinositol of 90 microM. No binding to phosphatidylcholine was observed at Ca2+ concentrations up to 300 microM. In isolated liver membranes a significant proportion of annexin V was not extractable with EGTA but could only be extracted with Triton X-100, suggesting the existence of a tightly membrane-associated form of annexin V. A specific antiserum to chicken annexin V was used to localize the protein in adult and embryonic chicken liver. In the adult, annexin V was highly concentrated in epithelial cells lining the bile ducts, and along the bile canaliculi. In embryonic liver, strong staining of the bile-duct epithelial cells was again evident...

‣ Ca2+ concentration during binding determines the manner in which annexin V binds to membranes.

Trotter, P J; Orchard, M A; Walker, J H
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/06/1995 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
626.19504%
Annexins are a family of calcium-binding proteins that have been implicated in a wide range of intracellular processes. We have previously reported that stimulation of platelets with thrombin can induce the association of intracellular annexin V with membranes in two distinct ways. First, in such a way that it can be eluted from the membrane with EGTA and secondly in a manner such that it is tightly bound to the membrane and requires the non-ionic detergent Triton X-100 for its solubilization. We report that exposure of platelets to the calcium ionophore A23187 mimics the relocation induced by stimulation with thrombin. In separate experiments we demonstrate that a calcium ion concentration [Ca2+] of 0.8 microM is sufficient for maximum binding of the EGTA-resistant form to membranes. In contrast a higher [Ca2+] was required to induce maximal binding of the annexin V which could be extracted with EGTA. We demonstrate that following temperature-induced phase separation in Triton X-114, the membrane-associated annexin V partitions predominantly into the aqueous phase. We also show that the isoelectric point of annexin V does not change following membrane association. These observations suggest that a covalent modification, of annexin V itself...

‣ Annexin 3 is associated with cytoplasmic granules in neutrophils and monocytes and translocates to the plasma membrane in activated cells.

Le Cabec, V; Maridonneau-Parini, I
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/10/1994 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
405.64676%
Annexins are soluble proteins capable of binding to phospholipid membranes in a calcium-dependent manner. Annexin 3, a 33 kDa protein mainly expressed in neutrophils, aggregates granules in cell-free assays, and a 36 kDa variant of this protein, specifically expressed in monocytes, has recently been identified. To obtain further information on these proteins, we defined their subcellular localization in resting and activated cells by immunofluorescence microscopy. Both proteins were associated with cytoplasmic granules in resting cells. We obtained evidence to indicate that, in neutrophils which possess a heterogenous granule population, annexin 3 was more likely to be associated with the specific granules. In cells activated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate or opsonized zymosan, the 33 kDa and 36 kDa proteins translocated to the plasma or the phagosome membrane. Upon stimulation with A23187, annexin 3 translocated to the plasma membrane only in neutrophils. We also report that while annexin 3 was associated with restricted membranes in intact cells, it binds indiscriminately to every membrane fraction in cell-free assay. In conclusion, association of both forms of annexin 3 with granules suggests that these proteins could be implicated in processes of granule fusion.

‣ Mechanism of antigen presentation after hypertonic loading of soluble antigens

Enders, Georg A
Fonte: Blackwell Science Inc Publicador: Blackwell Science Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
393.98223%
Hypertonic loading of proteins into cells has been used to introduce soluble proteins into the major histocompatibility complex class I pathway of antigen presentation followed by cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) induction. The precise mechanism for this pathway is not completely understood. The antigen is either processed and presented by/on the same cell or by professional antigen-presenting cells (APC) after taking up the antigen from damaged or apoptotic cells. After loading labelled ovalbumin (OVA), it could be co-precipitated with the proteasome complex, supporting the role of this pathway for antigen processing. The processing speed however, appeared to be slow since intact OVA could be detected inside the cells even after 18 hr. This corresponded well with the processing of OVA by isolated proteasomes. On the other hand, enough peptides for recognition of target cells by CTLs were generated in this reaction. One reason for the low level of processing might be that hypertonic loading may damage the cells and inhibit direct processing. In fact, at least 50% of the cells became positive for Annexin V binding after hypertonic loading which indicates severe membrane alterations usually associated with the progress of apoptosis. Annexin V binds to phosphatidylserine residues which also serve as ligand for CD36 expressed on monocytes and some immature dendritic cells. This may direct the phagocytic pathway to hypertonically loaded cells and thus enable professional APCs to present OVA-peptides. Therefore...

‣ C1q, a subunit of the first component of complement, enhances antibody-mediated apoptosis of cultured rat glomerular mesangial cells

SATO, T; VAN DIXHOORN, M G A; HEEMSKERK, E; VAN ES, L A; DAHA, M R
Fonte: Blackwell Science Inc Publicador: Blackwell Science Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /09/1997 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
317.08436%
We have shown previously that IgG2a anti-Thy-1 MoAb (ER4G) induces apoptosis of rat mesangial cells (GMC) in vitro. Since the classical complement pathway plays an essential role in Thy-1 nephritis, we analysed whether C1q, a subunit of the first component of complement, enhances the ER4G-mediated apoptosis of rat GMC. Two different subclasses of anti-Thy-1 MoAb, ER4G (IgG2a) and ER14 (IgG1), were used. It was established that ER4G binds C1q efficiently, while ER14 reacts poorly with C1q. For the experiments of apoptosis, quiescent rat GMC were exposed for 1 h at 37°C to a fixed concentration of anti-Thy-1 MoAb and incubated further for 16 h at 37°C in the presence or absence of C1q. GMC exposed to medium (M-GMC) followed by incubation of the cells with medium alone was used as controls. Apoptosis was assessed by morphological studies and quantitative analysis on FACS using FITC-annexin V (the annexin V methods) or bicolour FACS analysis using FITC-annexin V and propidium iodide (the annexin V/PI method). With the annexin V method, M-GMC revealed 9.4 ± 1.4% apoptosis. C1q had only marginal effects on apoptosis of M-GMC. GMC exposed to ER4G (ER4G-GMC) and further incubated with medium in the absence of C1q resulted in 25.7 ± 5.7% apoptosis (P < 0.01 relative to control). Incubation of ER4G-GMC together with 100 μg/ml of C1q significantly increased GMC-apoptosis up to 39.4 ± 4.9% (P < 0.01 relative to ER4G-GMC incubated in the absence of C1q). This enhancing effect of C1q on apoptosis of ER4G-GMC was time- and dose-dependent. In contrast...

‣ Massive Ca-induced Membrane Fusion and Phospholipid Changes Triggered by Reverse Na/Ca Exchange in BHK Fibroblasts

Yaradanakul, Alp; Wang, Tzu-Ming; Lariccia, Vincenzo; Lin, Mei-Jung; Shen, Chengcheng; Liu, Xinran; Hilgemann, Donald W.
Fonte: The Rockefeller University Press Publicador: The Rockefeller University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2008 Português
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375.0805%
Baby hamster kidney (BHK) fibroblasts increase their cell capacitance by 25–100% within 5 s upon activating maximal Ca influx via constitutively expressed cardiac Na/Ca exchangers (NCX1). Free Ca, measured with fluo-5N, transiently exceeds 0.2 mM with total Ca influx amounting to ∼5 mmol/liter cell volume. Capacitance responses are half-maximal when NCX1 promotes a free cytoplasmic Ca of 0.12 mM (Hill coefficient ≈ 2). Capacitance can return to baseline in 1–3 min, and responses can be repeated several times. The membrane tracer, FM 4-64, is taken up during recovery and can be released at a subsequent Ca influx episode. Given recent interest in signaling lipids in membrane fusion, we used green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusions with phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2) and diacylglycerol (DAG) binding domains to analyze phospholipid changes in relation to these responses. PI(4,5)P2 is rapidly cleaved upon activating Ca influx and recovers within 2 min. However, PI(4,5)P2 depletion by activation of overexpressed hM1 muscarinic receptors causes only little membrane fusion, and subsequent fusion in response to Ca influx remains massive. Two results suggest that DAG may be generated from sources other than PI(4,5)P in these protocols. First...

‣ C1q Binds Phosphatidylserine and Likely Acts as a Multiligand-Bridging Molecule in Apoptotic Cell Recognition1

Païdassi, Helena; Tacnet-Delorme, Pascale; Garlatti, Virginie; Darnault, Claudine; Ghebrehiwet, Berhane; Gaboriaud, Christine; Arlaud, Gérard J.; Frachet, Philippe
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/02/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
393.98223%
Efficient apoptotic cell clearance is critical for maintenance of tissue homeostasis, and to control the immune responses mediated by phagocytes. Little is known about the molecules that contribute “eat me” signals on the apoptotic cell surface. C1q, the recognition unit of the C1 complex of complement, also senses altered structures from self and is a major actor of immune tolerance. HeLa cells were rendered apoptotic by UV-B treatment and a variety of cellular and molecular approaches were used to investigate the nature of the target(s) recognized by C1q. Using surface plasmon resonance, C1q binding was shown to occur at early stages of apoptosis and to involve recognition of a cell membrane component. C1q binding and phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure, as measured by annexin V labeling, proceeded concomitantly, and annexin V inhibited C1q binding in a dose-dependent manner. As shown by cosedimentation, surface plasmon resonance, and x-ray crystallographic analyses, C1q recognized PS specifically and avidly (KD = 3.7-7 × 10-8 M), through multiple interactions between its globular domain and the phosphoserine group of PS. Confocal microscopy revealed that the majority of the C1q molecules were distributed in membrane patches where they colocalized with PS. In summary...

‣ Alboserpin, a Factor Xa Inhibitor from the Mosquito Vector of Yellow Fever, Binds Heparin and Membrane Phospholipids and Exhibits Antithrombotic Activity*

Calvo, Eric; Mizurini, Daniella M.; Sá-Nunes, Anderson; Ribeiro, José M. C.; Andersen, John F.; Mans, Ben J.; Monteiro, Robson Q.; Kotsyfakis, Michail; Francischetti, Ivo M. B.
Fonte: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Publicador: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
375.0805%
The molecular mechanism of factor Xa (FXa) inhibition by Alboserpin, the major salivary gland anticoagulant from the mosquito and yellow fever vector Aedes albopictus, has been characterized. cDNA of Alboserpin predicts a 45-kDa protein that belongs to the serpin family of protease inhibitors. Recombinant Alboserpin displays stoichiometric, competitive, reversible and tight binding to FXa (picomolar range). Binding is highly specific and is not detectable for FX, catalytic site-blocked FXa, thrombin, and 12 other enzymes. Alboserpin displays high affinity binding to heparin (KD ∼ 20 nm), but no change in FXa inhibition was observed in the presence of the cofactor, implying that bridging mechanisms did not take place. Notably, Alboserpin was also found to interact with phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine but not with phosphatidylserine. Further, annexin V (in the absence of Ca2+) or heparin outcompetes Alboserpin for binding to phospholipid vesicles, suggesting a common binding site. Consistent with its activity, Alboserpin blocks prothrombinase activity and increases both prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time in vitro or ex vivo. Furthermore, Alboserpin prevents thrombus formation provoked by ferric chloride injury of the carotid artery and increases bleeding in a dose-dependent manner. Alboserpin emerges as an atypical serpin that targets FXa and displays unique phospholipid specificity. It conceivably uses heparin and phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidylethanolamine as anchors to increase protein localization and effective concentration at sites of injury...

‣ Protein C Inhibitor (PCI) Binds to Phosphatidylserine Exposing Cells with Implications in the Phagocytosis of Apoptotic Cells and Activated Platelets

Rieger, Daniela; Assinger, Alice; Einfinger, Katrin; Sokolikova, Barbora; Geiger, Margarethe
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/07/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
384.334%
Protein C Inhibitor (PCI) is a secreted serine protease inhibitor, belonging to the family of serpins. In addition to activated protein C PCI inactivates several other proteases of the coagulation and fibrinolytic systems, suggesting a regulatory role in hemostasis. Glycosaminoglycans and certain negatively charged phospholipids, like phosphatidylserine, bind to PCI and modulate its activity. Phosphatidylerine (PS) is exposed on the surface of apoptotic cells and known as a phagocytosis marker. We hypothesized that PCI might bind to PS exposed on apoptotic cells and thereby influence their removal by phagocytosis. Using Jurkat T-lymphocytes and U937 myeloid cells, we show here that PCI binds to apoptotic cells to a similar extent at the same sites as Annexin V, but in a different manner as compared to live cells (defined spots on ∼10–30% of cells). PCI dose dependently decreased phagocytosis of apoptotic Jurkat cells by U937 macrophages. Moreover, the phagocytosis of PS exposing, activated platelets by human blood derived monocytes declined in the presence of PCI. In U937 cells the expression of PCI as well as the surface binding of PCI increased with time of phorbol ester treatment/macrophage differentiation. The results of this study suggest a role of PCI not only for the function and/or maturation of macrophages...

‣ High molecular weight kininogen binds phosphatidylserine and opsonizes urokinase plasminogen activator receptor-mediated efferocytosis

Yang, Aizhen; Dai, Jihong; Xie, Zhanli; Colman, Robert W.; Wu, Qingyu; Birge, Raymond B.; Wu, Yi
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
375.0805%
Phagocytosis of apoptotic cells (efferocytosis) is essential for regulation of immune responses and tissue homeostasis, and is mediated by phagocytic receptors. In this study we found that urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) plays an important role in internalization of apoptotic cells, and also characterized the underlying mechanisms. In a flow cytometry-based phagocytic assay, uPAR-deficient (uPAR−/−) macrophages displayed significant defect in internalization but not tethering of apoptotic cells. When uPAR−/− mice were challenged with apoptotic cells, they exhibited pronounced splenomegaly resulting from accumulation of abundant apoptotic cells in spleen. Overexpression of uPAR in HEK-293 cells enhanced efferocytosis, which was inhibited by annexin V and phosphatidylserine (PS) liposome, suggesting that uPAR-mediated efferocytosis is dependent on PS. In serum lacking high-molecular-weight kininogen (HK), a uPAR ligand, uPAR-mediated efferocytosis was significantly attenuated, which was rescued by replenishment of HK. As detected by flow cytometry, HK selectively bound to apoptotic cells, but not viable cells. In purified systems, HK was specifically associated with PS liposome. HK binding to apoptotic cells induced its rapid cleavage to two-chain HKa and bradykinin. Both heavy chain and light chain of HKa were associated with PS liposome and apoptotic cells. HKa has higher binding affinity than HK to uPAR. Overexpression of Rac1/N17 cDNA inhibited uPAR-mediated efferocytosis. HK plus PS liposome stimulated a complex formation of CrkII with p130Cas and Dock-180...

‣ Produção da proteína recombinante anexina V humana em cultivos de Escherichia coli em batelada alimentada

Marder, Laura Schirmbeck
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul; Porto Alegre Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul; Porto Alegre
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
516.71246%
A Anexina V é uma proteína humana endógena dependente de Ca+2, com peso molecular de 35,8 kDa, amplamente distribuída intracelularmente em altas concentrações na placenta e em concentrações mais baixas nas células endoteliais, renais, miocárdicas, epiteliais, esqueléticas musculares, eritrócitos, plaquetas e monócitos. Apresenta como principal característica a capacidade de se ligar à fosfatidilserina, um fosfolipídeo presente na camada interna da bicamada lipídica, que durante a apoptose celular é translocada para a camada externa da membrana celular. Apesar de ser uma proteína de tamanho relativamente grande, a Anexina V apresentou a capacidade de penetrar em sítios de injúria isquêmica tanto miocárdica quanto cerebral, atravessando a Barreira Hemato-Encefálica, sendo cada vez mais utilizada para deteção de apoptose em diversas doenças como Alzheimer e Isquemia e em monitoramento de drogas anticâncer.Por esses motivos, se torna relevante a produção da proteína Anexina V humana através da técnica do DNA recombinante em larga escala para que possa ser comercializada no Brasil, aumentando e facilitando o acesso de laboratórios de pesquisa e indústrias farmacêuticas na aquisição deste produto. Desenvolvemos um protocolo para cultivoem biorreator de grandes quantidades de Anexina V recombinante...

‣ Relocation of annexin V to platelet membranes is a phosphorylation-dependent process.

Trotter, P J; Orchard, M A; Walker, J H
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/12/1997 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
523.68496%
Annexins are a family of calcium-binding proteins that have been implicated in a wide range of intracellular processes. We have previously reported that stimulation of platelets with agents that increase intracellular [Ca2+] induces the relocation of annexin V to membranes, and that this annexin V may be binding to a 50 kDa protein located within platelet membranes. We report here, using an in vitro reconstitution system, that the relocation of annexin V to membranes is enhanced by ATP. We also demonstrate that when adenosine 5'-[gamma-thio]-triphosphate, which can replace ATP in phosphorylation reactions, is substituted for ATP, the amount of annexin V that binds to membranes is further increased. In separate experiments using intact cells, we show that the protein phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid mimics the action of the physiological agonist thrombin, in that it induces annexin V to bind to membranes and that the addition of the protein kinase inhibitor staurosporine inhibits A23187-induced relocation of annexin V. In addition, alkaline phosphatase, when added to isolated membranes, was found to remove endogenous annexin V from the membranes. Furthermore, immunoprecipitation of 33P-labelled proteins indicated that annexin V may form a multi-protein complex including phosphoproteins of 25...

‣ Binding of recombinant annexin V to endothelial cells: effect of annexin V binding on endothelial-cell-mediated thrombin formation.

van Heerde, W L; Poort, S; van 't Veer, C; Reutelingsperger, C P; de Groot, P G
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/08/1994 Português
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Annexin V binds with high affinity to procoagulant phospholipid vesicles and thereby inhibits the procoagulant reactions catalysed by these surfaces in vitro. In vivo, vascular endothelial cells are known to catalyse the formation of thrombin by the expression of binding sites at which procoagulant complexes can assemble. Here, we have studied the binding capacity of recombinant annexin V (rANV) to quiescent, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)- and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)-stimulated cultured human umbilical-vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). The dissociation constant (Kd) was 15.5 +/- 3.3 nM and the number of binding sites was 8.8 (+/- 3.9) x 10(6)/cell. These binding parameters did not change significantly during a 30 h incubation period with PMA or TNF-alpha. rANV inhibited HUVEC-mediated factor Xa formation via the extrinsic as well as the intrinsic route. Activation of factor X by the tissue factor-factor VII-factor X complex and tenase complex was inhibited with IC50 values of 43 +/- 30 nM and 33 +/- 24 nM respectively. Endothelial-cell-mediated generation of thrombin by the prothrombinase complex was inhibited by rANV with an IC50 of 16 +/- 12 nM. Preincubation of rANV with the endothelial cells did not significantly influence the IC50 values. These results show that rANV binds to the same extent to quiescent...