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‣ A historiografia medieval portuguesa na viragem do milénio: análise bibliométrica (2000-2010) e representação taxonómica

Medeiros, Filipa
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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Atualmente, a interdisciplinaridade assume-se como um elemento fundamental da investigação científica nos mais diversos domínios académicos. Por conseguinte, neste trabalho são colocadas em interação duas áreas do saber tradicionalmente alheias uma da outra: as Ciências da Informação e Documentação (CID) e a História medieval. Deste modo, o objetivo geral desta tese é estudar a historiografia medieval portuguesa na viragem do milénio a partir da perspetiva das CID, tendo em vista alcançar uma compreensão verdadeiramente interdisciplinar do objeto de estudo que torne possível conhecê-lo através da complementaridade de perspetivas das duas disciplinas aqui em interação. Por sua vez, os objetivos específicos deste trabalho são: realizar um grupo focal, através do qual se pretende recolher, entre a comunidade científica de medievalistas, perceções e visões sobre um conjunto de questões-chave relativas ao estado atual da historiografia medieval portuguesa; elaborar uma análise bibliométrica relativa à produção científica universitária portuguesa sobre História medieval produzida entre 2000 e 2010; e, por último, construir um vocabulário controlado sobre História medieval portuguesa — taxonomia de domínio — que permita o acesso à informação por assuntos em ambiente digital. A metodologia que conduziu o percurso investigativo baseou-se na aplicação dos métodos múltiplos...

‣ Vir sapiens dominabitur astris: astrological knowledge and practices in the Portuguese medieval court (king João I to king Afonso V)

Avelar de Carvalho, Helena
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /09/2011 Português
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Dissertação apresentada para cumprimento dos requisitos necessários à obtenção do grau de Mestre em História Medieval; The present study addresses the practice of astrology and its cultural repercussions in the 14th and 15th centuries’ Portuguese court. The research is based in the comparative study of three sets of sources: 1) the astrology books from the royal libraries, which reveal the dominant concepts of astrology; 2) the writings of kings João I and Duarte, and prince Pedro, as examples of the practical application of these concepts; 3) the royal chronicles of Fernão Lopes, Gomes Eanes de Zurara and Rui de Pina, as examples of its presence in political discourse. The astrological references occur in three main contexts: the validation of power, the explanation of manners and the debate about determinism-versus-free will. The latter stands as the main fracturing topic in medieval astrology. In any case, the validity of astrology by itself was never in question; the debate revolved only around its limits and its legitimacy in face of Christian faith. Astrology was seen as a sophisticated art, practiced by learned men. Its foundation was the scientific understanding of the natural laws and its practitioners tried to demarcate themselves from common divination and superstition. Due to its pervasiveness in this period...

‣ Cross and Book: Late-Carolingian Breton Gospel Illumination and the Instrumental Cross

Kitzinger, Beatrice
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
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Crosses made in metal, paint, or stone stand at a singular intersection of past, present and future in the early medieval period. The historical cross of Golgotha is the source of such manufactured crosses’ form and power. Most also represent the theology of the Cross through their form and decoration, describing the soteriology of the crucifixion and anticipating its consummation at the end of time. As manufactured crosses recount the past and look forward to the eschaton, they concurrently function in the age of the Church, offering specific, contemporary points of access to all the larger cross-sign represents. In its multivalent identity, the cross’ status as the Church’s central sign reflects the Church’s own temporal position, simultaneously commemorating sacred history, functioning in the present day, and preparing for the Second Coming. Although rarely recognized, the Church-time form of the cross—which I term the “instrumental” cross—is often a discernable component of early medieval cross-objects and images. I argue that we can recognize the instrumental cross among the commemorative and proleptic aspects of the sign because a formal and conceptual language developed to articulate it. In its instrumental form...

‣ Art of Documentation: The Sherborne Missal and the Role of Documents in English Medieval Art

Berenbeim, Jessica
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
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This dissertation considers an unfamiliar but fundamental aspect of late-medieval art: the role of documentation. Documents played as critical a part in that society as they do in our own. In late-medieval consciousness, the charter loomed as large as the sacred image, and documentation mattered no less than devotion—while the two also had a profound and inextricable connection. Discussion begins with three principal arguments, explained in detail in the first chapter: 1. The materials of documentation are part of the history of art; and accordingly, art-historical methods render an important contribution to diplomatics. 2. Documents are an important subject of representation; and accordingly, works of art are important sources for the cultural reception of documentary practices. 3. Documents are an important model for representation; and, consequently, an understanding of the paradigmatic role of the document suggests an alternative dimension to the interpretation of late-medieval art. The chapters that follow pursue these arguments through the analysis of individual works of art—charters, seals, archival manuscripts, liturgical manuscripts, architecture, and sculpture. These chapters also include a study of one of the great monuments of English gothic art: the Sherborne Missal...

‣ 21H.416 Medieval Economic History in Comparative Perspective, Spring 2002; Medieval Economic History in Comparative Perspective

McCants, Anne E. C. (Anne Elizabeth Conger), 1962-
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
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This course will survey the conditions of material life and the changing social and economic relations in medieval Europe with reference to the comparative context of contemporary Islamic, Chinese, and central Asian experiences. Subject covers the emergence and decline of feudal institutions, the transformation of peasant agriculture, living standards and the course of epidemic disease, and the ebb and flow of long-distance trade across the Eurasian system. Particular emphasis will be placed on the study of those factors, both institutional and technological, which have contributed to the emergence of capitalist organization and economic growth in western Europe in contrast to the trajectories followed by the other major medieval economies.

‣ Urban Communities and Dominican Communities in Medieval Castile-León: A Historiographical Outline

Ríos de la Llave, Rita
Fonte: Edizioni Plus - Università di Pisa Publicador: Edizioni Plus - Università di Pisa
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
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Ver todo el volumen en http://www.cliohres.net/books/books.php?book=3; Este trabajo pretende dar a conocer las principales líneas de investigación de la historiografía hispánica sobre la Orden de los Dominicos, y muy especialmente con relación a su vinculación con las comunidades urbanas de la Corona castellano-leonesa durante la Edad Media, al tiempo que se evidencian los aspectos que todavía deben ser objeto de un análisis más profundo. En la primera parte se analiza de forma crítica la evolución de la historiografía hispánica sobre los frailes dominicos en la Corona castellano-leonesa, partiendo de un análisis crítico sobre el trabajo realizado por Vicente Beltrán de Heredia en 1965, seguido de una presentación de la producción posterior. Se puede afirmar que hubo un predominio de los trabajos de los historiadores pertenecientes a la propia Orden de los Dominicos hasta los años ochenta del siglo XX, cuando irrumpieron algunos historiadores ajenos a la misma. La segunda parte del trabajo está dedicada a la historiografía hispánica sobre las monjas dominicas de Castilla y León, bastante limitada teniendo en cuenta el escaso interés generado por el desarrollo del conventualismo y del monacato femenino...

‣ Using Internet Resources for Researching Religious History: The Dominican Order in Medieval Spain as Case Study

Ríos de la Llave, Rita
Fonte: Edizioni Plus - Università di Pisa Publicador: Edizioni Plus - Università di Pisa
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
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Todo el volumen se encuentra disponible en http://www.cliohres.net/books3/books.php?book=3; El presente trabajo pretende analizar los problemas que plantea la utilización de recursos disponibles en Internet para llevar a cabo una investigación histórica. Para ello se ha escogido como caso de estudio la historia de la orden dominicana en la España medieval. Se presenta una serie de recursos españoles de acceso libre y gratuito, que resultarán útiles no sólo para investigadores interesados en la historia religiosa, sino también para cualquier historiador en general. A través de dichos recursos se han localizado archivos y bibliotecas, algunas fuentes primarias y referencias bibliográficas, a veces disponibles en formato digital y a texto completo. También se exponen las dificultades que se han encontrado durante el proceso de búsqueda y se reflexiona sobre cuestiones metodológicas. Se señalan asimismo algunas vías para mejorar el proceso de digitalización, siempre conforme a criterios que sean adecuados para los historiadores. Finalmente se reflexiona sobre el papel de Internet como fuente primaria. Todo ello permite poner de relieve la importancia de Internet para el trabajo de los historiadores, a pesar de las limitaciones todavía existentes...

‣ Sobre as Tentações de Santo Antão: A Forma como as Coisas Significam; On Tentações de Santo Antão: The Way Things Mean

Félix da Costa, Nuno; Psiquiatra. Professor de Psicologia Médica. Faculdade de Medicina. Universidade de Lisboa. Lisboa. Portugal.
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2015 Português
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Palavras-chave: Ergotismo; História Medieval; Pintura; Portugal; Religião e Medicina; Santos/história.; Keywords: Ergotism; History, Medieval; Paint; Portugal; Religion and Medicine; Saints/history.

‣ Charles Homer Haskins and Medieval Science

Edward Grant; Grant, Edward
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 79872 bytes; application/msword
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Delivered in Chicago on December 28, 1984 at a session entitled "Medieval History in America: Charles Homer Haskins"; Although George Orwell made the year 1984 infamous, the very antithesis of intellectual inquiry and achievement, historians, historians of science, and historians of medieval science in particular, have good reason to celebrate this much-abused year. It is of course the centennial of the American Historical Association of which the History of Science Society feels itself a vital part. It is also the 60th anniversary of the founding of the History of Science Society and the 60th anniversary of Haskins's great volume on medieval science. One more significant anniversary must also be mentioned: it is the 100th anniversary of the birth of George Sarton, who was not only the founder of the journal Isis, and the moving force behind the formation of the History of Science Society, but a friend and admirer of Charles Haskins. In truth, although Sarton had been trained as a scientist, he was more a medievalist than anything else, as monumental three volume work, Introduction to the History of Science, attests. It was undoubtedly Sarton who recruited his Harvard colleague, Haskins, as a member of the organizing committee of the History of Science Society. Haskins's publications in Isis probably derived from his relationship with Sarton...

‣ Erchempert's "History of the Lombards of Benevento": A translation and study of its place in the chronicle tradition

Ferry, Joan Rowe
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 280 p.; application/pdf
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Erchempert, a ninth-century Lombard monk attached to the monastery of Monte Cassino in Southern Italy, wrote the History of the Lombards of Benevento around 889, a history intended to contrast with Paul the Deacon's earlier History of the Lombards by including the Carolingian conquest of the Lombard kingdom in 774 and by showing Lombard failings rather than achievements through narrating the decline of Lombard rulership in the South, which had flourished for three centuries in the Lombard duchy (later principality) of Benevento. Three known aspects of Erchempert himself--as Lombard, monk, and chronicler--connect him to his society and provide a basis for examining his History. As a Lombard, his primary concern is loss of unified rule at Benevento following civil war and splitting of the principality into three more or less autonomous rulerships at Benevento, Salerno, and Capua, a division which weakens the Lombards' ability to resist the competing claims of Carolingian and Byzantine rulers and the attacks of Islamic invaders. As a monk, Erchempert is present during events which occur following Monte Cassino's destruction by Muslims in 883, when the monks are exiled to Teano and Capua and the abbey suffers loss of its property. As a chronicler and known grammaticus...

‣ History Studies: University of Limerick Society Journal Vol (11)

University of Limerick History Society
Fonte: University of Limerick History Society Publicador: University of Limerick History Society
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/other; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed
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peer-reviewed; I am pleased to present volume eleven of History Studies. This contains nine essays based on the work of postgraduate students in both Irish and British universities. The essays in this volume cover various aspects of Irish, British and American history. Ranging from a defence of Irish 'general history' to a re-evaluation of the 'war of the world's' broadcast in the United States in 1938. The essays presented are as varied as royal succession in medieval England to the role of the IRA in the anti-drugs campaign in I980s Dublin and the 1641 rebellion in Cavan to the conservative revival in England. The range of essays highlights the expanding nature of historical enquiries being pursued by research students in our universities. This in turn will ensure the survival of joumals like tbis one. Paul Hayes

‣ Tam Grecos Quam Latinos: A Reinterpretation of Structural Change in Eastern-Rite Monasticism in Medieval Southern Italy, 11th-12th Centuries

MORTON, James Deas David Jack
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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In the eleventh and twelfth centuries southern Italy passed irrevocably out of Byzantine control and into Norman control, at roughly the same time as the Roman papacy and the Christians of the East were beginning to divide into what we now know as the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches. Historians have typically viewed the history of southern-Italian monasticism in this period around the notion of a cultural conflict between Latins and Greeks, either arguing for or against the idea that the Italo-Normans had a policy of ‘latinisation’ with regards to Eastern-rite monasteries. This thesis will argue, however, that this conceptual framework obscures more important long-term economic and social factors that affected Germany, Italy and Byzantium alike. Having outlined the political and social context of southern-Italy in the eleventh and twelfth centuries in Chapter 1, Chapter 2 will demonstrate the manner in which southern-Italian monasticism was firmly embedded into a network of cultural and social contacts in the broader Mediterranean world, and especially with Byzantium, even during the Norman domination. Chapter 3 will focus on the fundamental patterns of southern-Italian monastic change in the early Middle Ages, emphasising the gradual movement from informal asceticism to organised monastic hierarchies. Chapter 4 will set forth the essential irrelevance of viewing this structural change in terms of ‘Latin’ and ‘Greek’ identities...

‣ Étude du « Livre Roisin » : recueil médiéval et moderne de la loi de Lille

Boisier-Michaud, Simon
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
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Le Livre Roisin est l'un des rares coutumiers français du XIIIe siècle. Il contient les coutumes de la ville de Lille, mises par écrit en 1267, puis recopiées et enrichies en 1297, en 1349 et enfin de façon continue jusqu'au XVIe siècle. Une dernière copie officielle fut faite en 1618-1619. L'analyse approfondie du plus ancien manuscrit du Livre Roisin qui nous soit parvenu, celui de 1349, révèle les secrets de son élaboration. Les nombreuses chartes, actes, arrêts et bans joints au coutumier à proprement parler durant plus de deux siècles donnent une vue d'ensemble des lois qui régissaient les Lillois du Moyen Âge. Au passage, les producteurs du recueil, les clercs de ville, ont laissé des traces de leur travail, de telle sorte qu'il est possible de dresser l'inventaire de leurs responsabilités et comprendre l'importance de ces officiers tant dans la perspective des institutions municipales médiévales que dans celle de l'historien, pour qui ils font partie de la chaîne de transmission des textes. De leur côté, les récepteurs, tout aussi discrets mais présents, se manifestent dans le détail de la procédure judiciaire que contient le document. L'utilisation qu'ils en ont faite, tantôt pratique, tantôt mémorielle surgit. Il en ressort que le recueil fût à la fois un aide-mémoire et un outil de défense de l'identité urbaine et même picarde. Enfin...

‣ Banishing Usury: The Expulsion of Foreign Moneylenders in Medieval Europe, 1200-1450

Dorin, Rowan William
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
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Starting in the mid-thirteenth century, kings, bishops, and local rulers throughout western Europe repeatedly ordered the banishment of foreigners who were lending at interest. The expulsion of these foreigners, mostly Christians hailing from northern Italy, took place against a backdrop of rising anxieties over the social and spiritual implications of a rapidly expanding credit economy. Moreover, from 1274 onward, such expulsions were backed by the weight of canon law, as the church hierarchy—inspired by secular precedents—commanded rulers everywhere to expel foreign moneylenders from their lands. Standing threats of expulsion were duly entered into statute-books from Salzburg to northern Spain. This dissertation explores the emergence and spread of the idea of expelling foreign usurers across the intellectual and legal landscape of late medieval Europe. Building on a wide array of evidence gathered from seventy archives and libraries, the dissertation examines how the idea of expulsion expressed itself in practice, how its targets came to be defined, and how the resulting expulsion orders were enforced—or not. It shows how administrative procedures, intellectual categories and linguistic habits circulated and evolved to shape the banishment not only of foreign usurers...

‣ Friars in the City: Mendicant Architecture and Pious Practice in Medieval Verona, c. 1220-c. 1375

Labunski, Meagan Green
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2010 Português
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This dissertation explores how the combination of pious practice, economic activity, and religious poverty shaped the architecture of the mendicants in medieval Verona. It also examines how the presence of the friars affected the city. By the thirteenth century, the populated centers of northern Italy were fertile grounds for heretical movements, religious skepticism, and anti-clerical attitudes. The mendicant orders developed as a response to the crisis of the medieval church in the city and provided a new concept of the religious vocation, one committed to voluntary poverty and the conversion of heretics. The most important representatives of the new orders were the Franciscans and Dominicans, who centered their religious mission in an urban context where the growth of commerce and a literate and numerate middle class required a new approach to pastoral care, one that directly addressed both doctrinal and social issues. The friars revolutionized traditional religious practice: they used exterior sites as extensions of liturgical space and their innovative approach to church architecture emphasized function and utility.

Existing studies on mendicant building have traditionally emphasized the formal characteristics of the monuments...

‣ The Architectural History of Beverley Minster, 721-c. 1370

Woodworth, Matthew Hays
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2011 Português
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This dissertation is the first architectural history devoted to Beverley Minster, a large and ambitious Gothic church located in the East Riding of Yorkshire. Beverley is one of the most important medieval buildings in England, but it has been almost entirely ignored in the literature. The church is composed of three parts: choir and transepts (c. 1225-1260), nave (c. 1308-c. 1370), and west façade (c. 1380-1420).

The thesis begins with a description of the destroyed buildings that occupied the site during the Saxon and Romanesque periods. The remainder of the dissertation focuses on the work completed at the Minster during the fourteenth century, in the so-called Decorated style. First, the nave is analyzed and its construction is assigned to six campaigns between the years c. 1308-c. 1370. Much discussion is devoted to the "historicism" of the nave's conservative design, which is a subtly modernized version of the east end that preceded it. Contemporary documents also permit discussion of the financial contributions of the laity, canons, and municipal leaders who paid for the nave to be built.

Finally, a detailed analysis is offered for the furnishings made at Beverley between 1292 and c. 1340: the reredos (high altar screen)...

‣ A iconografia de Adão, autobiografia do homem medieval

Franco Júnior, Hilário
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas, D. História Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas, D. História
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/1997 Português
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Entre os séculos XI e XIII, cresceu muito o número de representações de Adão na Europa Ocidental. Isso era reflexo de um novo interesse dos medievais por si mesmos, o que os levava a verem na história daquele personagem mítico a origem de todas as grandes características físicas, psíquicas e sociais da humanidade. Devido à sua penetração em todos os níveis culturais, a iconografia foi o grande veículo daquela autobiografia coletiva do homem medieval.; Between the XI and XIII centuries, the number of representations of Adam increased so much in the occidental Europe. This was a reflex of a new interest of the medievals about themselves that induced them to see in the history of that mythical personage the origin of all great physic, psychic and social characteristics of mankind. Due to its penetration in all cultural levels, the iconography was the vehicle of that collective autobiography of the medieval man.

‣ Brief study from a Medieval perspective of education; Breve estudo de uma perspectiva de educação medieval

Moura, Rosana Silva de; UFSC
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/12/2013 Português
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The medieval time is not out of the search for the education purpose. In this assay I analyze the medieval education philosophy aspects from Saint Augustine and Thomas Aquinas’ teaching contributions. Especially through the Scholasticism method the philosopher interrogates their time about the truth of education: May only God be called master because he teaches or it is also possible to attribute this task to men? In the thirteenth century text Aquino analyzes the process by which students learn giving us the element of the discovery as an individual learning moment.; http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7976.2013v20n30p141A época medieval não está fora da busca pela questão da finalidade do ensino. Neste ensaio analiso aspectos da filosofia da educação medieval a partir das contribuições de Santo Agostinho e Tomás de Aquino sobre o ensino. Especialmente através do método da Escolástica, o filósofo interroga sua época sobre a verdade do ensino: Somente Deus pode ser chamado de mestre, porque ensina, ou ao homem também é possível atribuir-se essa tarefa? No texto do século XIII, Aquino analisa o processo pelo qual o aluno aprende nos oferecendo o elemento da descoberta como o momento individual do processo de aprendizagem.

‣ The utility of a common coinage: currency unions and the integration of money markets in late medieval Central Europe

Boerner, Lars; Volckart, Oliver
Fonte: Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /09/2010 Português
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This paper employs a new method and dataset to estimate the effect of currency unions on the integration of financial markets in late medieval Central Europe. The analysis reveals that membership in a union was significantly correlated with well-integrated markets. We also examine whether currency unions were endogenous. Our results indicate that where unions were established, markets had been significantly better integrated already in the preceding period. In addition, we show that currency unions created by autonomous merchant towns were better integrated than unions implemented by territorial rulers. The overall implication is that monetary diversity was a corollary of weakly integrated markets in late medieval Central Europe.

‣ The economic history of sovereignty: communal responsibility, the extended family, and the firm

Boerner, Lars; Ritschl, Albrecht
Fonte: Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /10/2008 Português
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Economic institutions encompassing increasingly sophisticated concepts of risk-sharing and liability flourished in Europe since the High Middle Ages. These innovations occurred in an environment of fragmented local jurisdictions, not within the framework of the territorial state. In this short paper we attempt to sketch a unifying approach towards the interpretation of the emergence of these institutions. We argue that communal responsibility in medieval city states created incentives for excessive risk-taking by individual merchants, and that the emergence of firms mitigated this problem. We also find that entity shielding in the sense of Hansmann et al. (2006) arose endogenously and is not primarily the result of regulation by local authorities.