Página 1 dos resultados de 286 itens digitais encontrados em 0.026 segundos

‣ A logical approach to the management of object identifiers in non-conventional database management systems

Valêncio, Carlos Roberto; Ferrizzi, André Cid; De Almeida, Fábio Renato; Carreira, Juliano Augusto; Tronco, Mario Luiz
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 293-298
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Non-conventional database management systems are used to achieve a better performance when dealing with complex data. One fundamental concept of these systems is object identity (OID), because each object in the database has a unique identifier that is used to access and reference it in relationships to other objects. Two approaches can be used for the implementation of OIDs: physical or logical OIDs. In order to manage complex data, was proposed the Multimedia Data Manager Kernel (NuGeM) that uses a logical technique, named Indirect Mapping. This paper proposes an improvement to the technique used by NuGeM, whose original contribution is management of OIDs with a fewer number of disc accesses and less processing, thus reducing management time from the pages and eliminating the problem with exhaustion of OIDs. Also, the technique presented here can be applied to others OODBMSs. © 2011 IEEE.

‣ Cada um na sua mas entre nos o problema : familia, instituição e praticas educativas nao-formais; Everyone just chiling and between us the problem : families, institutions and non-formal e educative practices

Tetis Mori Muniz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/03/2007 Português
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Este trabalho tem como objeto de estudo uma entidade beneficente de educação não-formal localizada na região Norte do município de Campinas. Essa entidade atende crianças e adolescentes entre 7 e 14 anos moradores de bairros de tal região. Por meio de seu estudo analiso a inter-relação das práticas educativas de tal entidade com as expectativas das famílias cujos filhos são por ela atendidos. Fundamentalmente a pesquisa foi baseada em observação participante de diversos momentos do cotidiano da entidade (durante o ano de 2000), em entrevistas com a equipe de trabalho da entidade e com 9 famílias. Ao refletir sobre a inter-relação das práticas educativas e as expectativas das famílias surge a questão do trabalho como categoria contraditória, na medida que ele é considerado pelas famílias como parte fundamental da sua identidade e considerado pela entidade, ao pensar o trabalho infantil, como ilegal; The objective of this work is to study a beneficent organization of non-formal education located in the north of the city of Campinas which help children and teenagers between the ages of 7 and 14 years old who live in the neighborhood of that area. Through its study I analyze the interrelation of the educational practices of that organization with the expectations from the families whose children are attended. Fundamentally the research was based on participative observation of many moments of the organization?s quotidian (during the year of 2000) and on interviews with the organization?s staff and 9 families. After reflect about the interrelation between the educational practices and the families? expectations the work issue appears as a contradictory category once it is seen by the families as a fundamental part of their identity and through the organization...

‣ What is the harm in harmful conception? On threshold harms in non-identity cases

Williams, Nicola J.; Harris, John
Fonte: Springer Netherlands Publicador: Springer Netherlands
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Has the time come to put to bed the concept of a harm threshold when discussing the ethics of reproductive decision making and the legal limits that should be placed upon it? In this commentary, we defend the claim that there exist good moral reasons, despite the conclusions of the non-identity problem, based on the interests of those we might create, to refrain from bringing to birth individuals whose lives are often described in the philosophical literature as ‘less than worth living’.

‣ Beyond Best Interests

Cohen, I. Glenn
Fonte: The Minnesota Law Review Foundation Publicador: The Minnesota Law Review Foundation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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As Justice Douglas wrote in Skinner v. Oklahoma, procreation is one of the “basic civil rights of man.” Along with marriage it is “fundamental to the very existence and survival of the race” and the state’s interference with it “threatens to have subtle, far-reaching and devastating effects.” And yet the U.S. and other countries regulate a wide range of reproductive activities such as forbidding anonymous sperm donation, funding abstinence education, criminalizing brother-sister incest, preventing the sale of sperm or eggs or surrogacy services, and forbidding single individuals from accessing reproductive technologies. In justifying these and other regulations of reproduction legislatures, courts, and commentators have relied (at least in part) on an idiom that I call Best Interests of the Resulting Child (BIRC) as a justification, which focuses on the best interests of the child who will (absent state intervention) result from these forms of reproduction. My goal in this Article and its companion paper Regulating Reproduction: the Problem with Best Interests, 96 Minn. L. Rev. 423 (2011), http://ssrn.com/abstract=1955292 is to reveal and delve into the secret ambition of best interests (sometimes called child welfare or child-protective) discourse in the regulation of reproduction. By discussing best interests in this context...

‣ Breeding programs and availability of non-GM IP seeds for farmers in Brazil.

CATTELAN, A. J.
Fonte: In: WORKSHOP ON MARKET FOR NON-GENETICALLY MODIFIED IDENTITY PRESERVED CROPS AND DERIVED PRODUCTS, 2012, Seville. Proceedings... Luxembourg, Eurpean Commission, 2012. Prepared by Pascal Tillie, Mauro Vigani, Koen Dillen and Emilio Rodríguez Cerezo. Publicador: In: WORKSHOP ON MARKET FOR NON-GENETICALLY MODIFIED IDENTITY PRESERVED CROPS AND DERIVED PRODUCTS, 2012, Seville. Proceedings... Luxembourg, Eurpean Commission, 2012. Prepared by Pascal Tillie, Mauro Vigani, Koen Dillen and Emilio Rodríguez Cerezo.
Tipo: Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Formato: p. 30-32.
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Embrapa is the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation. It coordinates the national agricultural research system in Brazil and has for mission to provide solutions for the sustainable development of Brazilian agribusiness through knowledge and technology transfer. As such, it is involved in the development of GM and non-GM soybean varieties to provide farmers with the best germplasm they want. Soybean in Brazil: The area devoted to soybean in Brazil has been multiplied by about 60 in the last 50 years, while in the same time average yield has increased by 150%. Currently about three fourth of Brazilian soybean production is coming from only four States (by order of importance, Mato Grosso, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul and Goías). In last years, the adoption of GM soybean by Brazilian farmers has still increased significantly, as it went from 62% of all soy cultivated area during the 2008/09 cropping season to 81% in 2010/11. However, there is an important variation across regions, since some States are still free of GM planting (e.g. Rondonia in the North, representing 1% of national soy production) and other are virtually integrally using GM soybean seeds (e.g. Rio Grande do Sul, 17% of national soy production). The most important States in terms of non-GM soybean production are Mato Grosso...

‣ Clash of identities in South Florida: An examination of the complexity of racial and national identity and their impact on ethnic solidarity between black Americans and Jamaicans

Osborne, Bennie L
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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Immigrants from the West Indies and other nations challenge the simple United States dichotomy of blacks versus whites. Many apparently black Caribbean immigrants proclaim that they did not know they were “black” until they arrived in the U.S. They seek to maintain their national identity and resist identity and solidarity with Black Americans. In response, many Black Americans respond that the immigrants are simply being naive, that U.S. society demands simple racial identity. Regardless of one's self-identity and personal history, in the U.S., if you look black, you are black, was their thinking. ^ This study examines the contemporary struggle of identity and solidarity among and between Black Americans and Jamaicans living in South Florida (Broward and Miami-Dade counties). Even though the primary focus of this study is to examine the relationship between Black Americans and Jamaicans, other West Indian nationals will be addressed more generally. The primary research problem of this study is to determine why the existence of common ancestry and physical traits are insufficient for an assumption of ethnic solidarity between Black Americans and Jamaicans. ^ In examining this problem, I felt that depth rather than breadth would provide insight into the current state of polarization between Black Americans and Jamaicans. To this end...

‣ Non-domination and the Accommodation of Minority Social Practice

BACHVAROVA, MIRA
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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This thesis develops an account of non-domination as a principle of legitimacy that ought to govern both inter-group and intra-group relations in multicultural states. It applies this principle to the question of how political institutions should respond to claims for the accommodation of controversial minority practices, using the example of the polygamous community in Bountiful, British Columbia. In developing this account, the thesis engages with three bodies of theoretical literature – of multiculturalism, of political legitimacy, and of autonomy. In the dominant normative theories of multiculturalism, answers are centered on what the limits of toleration are, what it means to recognize a collective identity, or what group rights can be claimed and how group rights are balanced with individual rights. While not rejecting the importance of these issues in a pluralistic state, my approach de-centers them by subsuming them under the broader problem of what makes a political authority morally legitimate vis-à-vis particular collective - as well as abstract individual - subjects. I argue that the most promising response to this problem lies with the concept of non-domination, conceived as a foundational principle of political legitimacy for multicultural states. This principle both demands and checks a democratic method for determining specific forms of accommodation. In some cases the advancement of non-domination between groups conflicts with the advancement of non-domination within groups. In political theory this question is often taken up by feminist scholars concerned with the ‘paradox of multicultural vulnerability’ and...

‣ A narrativização de uma experiência feminina como instrumento de construção da identidade mestiça: análise semiótica de Borderlands/La Frontera de Gloria Anzaldúa; The narrativization of a female experience as a tool for construction of the mestizo identity: a semiotic analysis on Gloria Anzaldúa's Borderlands / La Frontera

Moreira, Thami Amarilis Straiotto
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Letras e Linguística (FL); Faculdade de Letras - FL (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Letras e Linguística (FL); Faculdade de Letras - FL (RG)
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
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This study aims at discussing the complex constitution of an identity formed in the southwest border of the United States of America with Mexico, based on the Gloria Anzaldúa‟s narrative in her book Borderlands/La Frontera: the new mestiza. Anzaldúa is a chicana born in the State of Texas in a border city with Mexico. In this region there are at the same place cultural forces that face each other, ending in psychological and social conflicts of order in the citizens, the chicanos. The non-harmonious meeting of White, Mexican and Indigenous cultures increases linguistics, racial and gender problems, which can be seen from Anzaldúa‟s voice. In order to analyze this narrative, we made use of the French Semiotics methods of Greimas (1993; 1973; 2008) that are named Generative Course of Meaning, among others theorists who shared the same ideas (BARROS, 1990a, 1990b, 2001; FIORIN, 2001; FONTANILLE, 2007; et al). The theoretical choice of the analysis is justified by the understanding that this theory appropriately fit the narrative analysis, because it contains tools to reveal its structure; also because we believe that the French Semiotics theory has a broader range and can approach the Meaning and the discussions that appear in the book. During the analysis...

‣ Intentional Diminishment, the Non-Identity Problem, and Legal Liability

Cohen, I. Glenn
Fonte: University of California, Hastings College of the Law Publicador: University of California, Hastings College of the Law
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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This Article, lying at the intersection of law and bioethics, examines whether it is wrongful to use assisted reproductive technology to intentionally create disabled children and whether legal liability should attach to such acts. In particular, this Article considers the way these issues are intertwined with what philosophers have called the Non-Identity Problem, the idea that so long as a resulting child will have a life worth living the child cannot be harmed by being brought into existence, because even an impoverished life is better than not existing at all. In her Article in this symposium (http://ssrn.com/abstract=1295426), Kirstin Smolensky suggests that the Non-Identity Problem should cause us to extinguish tort liability in cases where disabled children are created by preembryo selection but not if it were done through (a still hypothetical technology enabling) the genetic manipulation of a pre-embryo to induce a disability. In this Article I critically examine this claim in two ways. First, I suggest some problems with her arguments for drawing a distinction (for Non-Identity Problem and hence legal liability purposes) between the two methods of creating disabled children. Second, I examine whether legal liability should be barred even for cases where the Non-Identity Problem applies. I set out several approaches drawn from the bioethics literature that suggest that the parents have acted wrongfully by creating disabled children notwithstanding the Non-Identity Problem. I then offer some tentative views about whether any of these approaches is a valid basis for legal liability...

‣ THE PROBLEM OF THE ETIOLOGY OF HERPES ZOSTER

Cole, Rufus; Kuttner, Ann G.
Fonte: The Rockefeller University Press Publicador: The Rockefeller University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/11/1925 Português
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Attempts were made to produce lesions in. animals by the injection of material obtained from the vesicles and involved skin of nine cases of herpes zoster. All the cases, with the exception of one (Case II), were characteristic cases of idiopathic herpes zoster and the question of their being cases of so called zosteriform herpes or symptomatic herpes zoster can hardly be raised. As regards Case II, if this case occurred alone, there might be some doubt as to its nature on account of the mildness of the symptoms and the small area of skin involvement. Taken in connection with Cases III and IV, however, which occurred in the same ward and in patients who were quite closely in contact with Patient II, it seems fairly reasonable to assume that they were all of the same character. Cases of herpes zoster have been extremely rare in this hospital and the occurrence of three cases in the same ward within a very short period of time suggests very strongly a transference of infection from one case to the other. That Case II was not one of herpes simplex also seems fairly certain from the negative results obtained by inoculation of rabbits' eyes with vesicle material. In making the animal experiments we employed various methods which were suggested largely by the technique used by previous observers...

‣ 'Making People Happy, Not Making Happy People': A Defense of the Asymmetry Intuition in Population Ethics

Frick, Johann David
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
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This dissertation provides a defense of the normative intuition known as the Procreation Asymmetry, according to which there is a strong moral reason not to create a life that will foreseeably not be worth living, but there is no moral reason to create a life just because it would foreseeably be worth living. Chapter 1 investigates how to reconcile the Procreation Asymmetry with our intuitions about another recalcitrant problem case in population ethics: Derek Parfit's Non-Identity Problem. I show that what has prevented philosophers from developing a theory that gives a satisfactory account of both these problems is their tacit commitment to a teleological conception of well-being, as something to be `promoted'. Replacing this picture with one according to which our reasons to confer well-being on people are conditional on their existence allows me to do better. It also enables us to understand some of the deep structural parallels between seemingly disparate normative phenomena such as procreating and promising. Chapter 2 attempts to connect my defense of the Procreation Asymmetry to corresponding evaluative claims about the goodness of the outcomes produced by procreative decisions. I propose a view, the `biconditional buck-passing view of outcome betterness'...

‣ A Chasm Between Identity and Equivalence Testing with Conditional Queries

Acharya, Jayadev; Canonne, Clément L.; Kamath, Gautam
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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A recent model for property testing of probability distributions enables tremendous savings in the sample complexity of testing algorithms, by allowing them to condition the sampling on subsets of the domain. In particular, Canonne, Ron, and Servedio showed that, in this setting, testing identity of an unknown distribution $D$ (i.e., whether $D=D^*$ for an explicitly known $D^*$) can be done with a constant number of samples, independent of the support size $n$ -- in contrast to the required $\sqrt{n}$ in the standard sampling model. However, it was unclear whether the same held for the case of testing equivalence, where both distributions are unknown. Indeed, while Canonne, Ron, and Servedio established a $\mathrm{poly}\log(n)$-query upper bound for equivalence testing, very recently brought down to $\tilde O(\log\log n)$ by Falahatgar et al., whether a dependence on the domain size $n$ is necessary was still open, and explicitly posed by Fischer at the Bertinoro Workshop on Sublinear Algorithms. In this work, we answer the question in the positive, showing that any testing algorithm for equivalence must make $\Omega(\sqrt{\log\log n})$ queries in the conditional sampling model. Interestingly, this demonstrates an intrinsic qualitative gap between identity and equivalence testing...

‣ Exact Non-identity check is NQP-complete

Tanaka, Yu
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 03/03/2009 Português
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We define a problem "exact non-identity check": Given a classical description of a quantum circuit with an ancilla system, determine whether it is strictly equivalent to the identity or not. We show that this problem is NQP-complete. In a sense of the strict equivalence condition, this problem is different from a QMA-complete problem, non-identity check defined by D. Janzing etc. As corollaries, it is derived that exact equivalence check is also NQP-complete and that it is hard to minimize quantum resources of a given quantum gate array without changing an implemented unitary operation.; Comment: 10 pages, 3 figures

‣ Non-Identity Check Remains QMA-Complete for Short Circuits

Ji, Zhengfeng; Wu, Xiaodi
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 30/06/2009 Português
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The Non-Identity Check problem asks whether a given a quantum circuit is far away from the identity or not. It is well known that this problem is QMA-Complete \cite{JWB05}. In this note, it is shown that the Non-Identity Check problem remains QMA-Complete for circuits of short depth. Specifically, we prove that for constant depth quantum circuit in which each gate is given to at least $\Omega(\log n)$ bits of precision, the Non-Identity Check problem is QMA-Complete. It also follows that the hardness of the problem remains for polylogarithmic depth circuit consisting of only gates from any universal gate set and for logarithmic depth circuit using some specific universal gate set.; Comment: 8 pages

‣ The Regularized Siegel-Weil Formula (The Second Term Identity) and the Rallis Inner Product Formula

Gan, Wee Teck; Qiu, Yannan; Takeda, Shuichiro
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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In this paper, we establish the second term identity of the Siegel-Weil formula in full generality, and derive the Rallis inner product formula for global theta lifts for any dual pair. As a corollary, we resolve the non-vanishing problem of global theta lifts initiated by Steve Rallis.

‣ Specht's problem for associative affine algebras over commutative Noetherian rings

Belov-Kanel, Alexei; Rowen, Louis; Vishne, Uzi
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 14/08/2013 Português
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In a series of papers \cite{BRV1}, \cite{BRV2}, \cite{BRV3} we introduced full quivers and pseudo-quivers of representations of algebras, and used them as tools in describing PI-varieties of algebras. In this paper we apply them to obtain a complete proof of Belov's solution of Specht's problem for affine algebras over an arbitrary Noetherian ring. The inductive step relies on a theorem that enables one to find a "$\bar q$-characteristic coefficient-absorbing polynomial in each T-ideal $\Gamma$," i.e., a non-identity of the representable algebra $A$ arising from $\Gamma$, whose ideal of evaluations in $A$ is closed under multiplication by $\bar q$-powers of the characteristic coefficients of matrices corresponding to the generators of $A$, where $\bar q$ is a suitably large power of the order of the base field. The passage to an arbitrary Noetherian base ring $C$ involves localizing at finitely many elements a kind of $C$, and reducing to the field case by a local-global principle.; Comment: 44 pages, submitted

‣ A deterministic polynomial time algorithm for non-commutative rational identity testing

Garg, Ankit; Gurvits, Leonid; Oliveira, Rafael; Wigderson, Avi
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 11/11/2015 Português
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In this paper we present a deterministic polynomial time algorithm for testing if a symbolic matrix in {\emph non-commuting} variables over $\mathbb{Q}$ is invertible or not. The analogous question for commuting variables is the celebrated polynomial identity testing (PIT) for symbolic determinants. In contrast to the commutative case, which has an efficient probabilistic algorithm, the best previous algorithm for the non-commutative setting required exponential time [IQS15] (whether or not randomization is allowed). The algorithm efficiently solves the "word problem" for the free skew field, and the identity testing problem for arithmetic formulae with division over non-commuting variables, two problems which had only exponential-time algorithms prior to this work. The main (and simple) technical contribution of this paper is an analysis of an existing algorithm due to Gurvits which solved the same problem in some special cases. We also extend the algorithm to compute the (non-commutative) rank of a symbolic matrix, yielding a factor 2 approximation on the commutative rank. Symbolic matrices in non-commuting variables, and the related structural and algorithmic questions, have a remarkable number of diverse origins and motivations. They arise independently in (commutative) invariant theory and representation theory...

‣ Homophobia, coping strategies, and sexual identity formation among LGBT youths; Intimidation homophobe, stratégies d’adaptation et intégration de l’orientation sexuelle

Goyer, Marie-France; Université du Québec à Montréal; Blais, Martin; Université du Québec à Montréal; Hébert, Martine; Université du Québec à Montréal
Fonte: Eduff Publicador: Eduff
Tipo: ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 26/11/2015 Português
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Sexual minority youths (SMY) face challenges in consolidating their sexual identity because of heterosexism. The role of homophobic bullying and coping strategies in the formation of sexual identity has been explored within a convenient sample of 262 sexual minority youths. Six dimensions of sexual identity formation have been tested, independent variables being: homophobic bullying, coping strategies (avoidance and problem-solving), age, gender, migration trajectory, residency, sexual attraction and time elapsed since the realization of the sexual identity difference. Homophobic bullying was associated with a lower score of sexual identity affirmation and higher scores of identity concealment, internalized homo/bi-phobia, acceptance concern, identity uncertainty and process difficulty. Problem-solving coping strategies were associated with acceptance concerns. Avoidance coping strategies were associated with higher scores of acceptance concern and process difficulty in accepting non-heterosexual identity. Results confirm the importance of homo/bi-phobia prevention in order to help SMY in sexual identity consolidation.; Cette étude examine l’impact de l’intimidation homophobe et des stratégies d’adaptation sur 6 dimensions de l’intégration de l’orientation sexuelle (OS) à partir d’un échantillon de 262 jeunes LGBT. Un modèle de régression linéaire a été réalisé pour chaque dimension...

‣ Re-imagining Westphalia: Identity in IR and the discursive construction of the Russian state.

Ortmann, Stefanie
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2008 Português
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This thesis examines assumptions about state and identity in constructivist IR theory and the analysis of Russian foreign policy through the looking glass of Russian representations of "state identity" - representations of the Russian state as "Russia" - in the political discourse of the Russian elite since the end of the Soviet Union, Drawing on empirical research into the discursive representation of the new Russian state, it shows that categories of statehood and identity are more variable in meaning and indeed more ambiguous than allowed for by current dominant conceptions of state identity in IR, which revolve around the categories of the Westphalian system. This becomes evident when studying Russia - a country which is at the same time outsider and insider, a constitutive part of the Westphalian system, defining the state in strongly Westphalian terms, and yet excluded from the West. In the case of Russia, instead of the clear-cut categories and binary distinctions of the Westphalian system there emerges a conceptual field in which inside and outside, identity and difference are inherently ambiguous and diffuse. It is argued that constructivist assumptions about identity face a problem of the relationship between theory and substantive research...

‣ Is Rawls's Theory of Justice Exclusively Forward-Looking? On the Importance of Rectifying Past Political Violence

Vaca,Moisés
Fonte: Universidad Panamericana, Facultad de Filosofía Publicador: Universidad Panamericana, Facultad de Filosofía
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 Português
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In this paper I address an objection to the claim that Rawls's theory is to show concern for historical injustice. This objection states that such a theory is justified in avoiding concern for historical injustice because of its putative forward-looking character. The objection takes two forms: first, it is argued that there are reasons internal to Rawls's own theory, such as the choice problem modelled by the original position as well as the fact that jus-tice-as-fairness is thought of to be a non-comprehensive conception of justice, which warrant such a putative forward-looking character. Second, it also claimed that there are reasons external to Rawls's theory, having to do with the putative existence of the so-called non-identity problem, which warrant an exclusive forward-looking character not only to Rawls's principles of justice but to any other conception of distributive justice. I will try to show that the stated objection, both in its internal and external presentations, fails.