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‣ Consumption of fruits and vegetables and C - reactive protein in women undergoing cosmetic surgery

LIMA, R. L. F. C.; COSTA, M. J. C.; FILIZOLA, R. G.; ASCIUTTI, L. S. R.; LEITE, R. F.; FERREIRA, A. S. M.; FAINTUCH, J.
Fonte: AULA MEDICA EDICIONES Publicador: AULA MEDICA EDICIONES
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
588.23246%
Low-grade inflammation adversely influences metabolism and cardiovascular prognosis, nevertheless increased intake of fruits and vegetables has rarely been studied in this context. Objective: In a prospective controlled study, the effect on C-reactive protein (CRP) levels was assessed. Methodology: Sixty consecutive women undergoing cosmetic abdominal surgery were instructed to consume six servings each of fruits and vegetables during the first postoperative month. Detailed 24h interviewer-administered dietary recall was conducted at baseline and at the end of the study, with weekly returns to monitor unscheduled dietary changes and compliance with the protocol. Variance (ANOVA) and covariance (ANCOVA) were evaluated to confirm significance and minimize confounding variables. Results: No differences concerning age (42.2 +/- 5.3 vs 41.1 +/- 6.0 years) or BMI (25.5 +/- 3.1 vs 25.0 +/- 3.0 kg/m(2)) occurred. Ingestion of fruits increased to approximately 5.2 vs 3.9 and of vegetables 5.9 vs 3.4 servings/ day, respectively. CRP decreased more conspicuously in the treated group (P = 0.028), and correlation between vitamin C input and CRP in supplemented participants was demonstrated (P = 0.014). Conclusions: Higher intake of antioxidant foods was feasible...

‣ Esperança: construção e tese de um modelo teórico da sua influência no processo de compra do consumidor de cirurgia plástica estética.; Hope: construction and test of a theoretical modelo of its influence on the purchase process of the aesthetic plastic surgery consumer

Almeida, Alda Rosana Duarte de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/06/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
593.6486%
O avanço de estudos na área do comportamento do consumidor nas últimas duas décadas, com proposições e testes de modelos sobre confiança, satisfação, lealdade, risco, valor percebido, entre outros, bem como estudos conceituais destes e outros construtos, vem desafiando a comunidade acadêmica a realizar pesquisas inovadoras, que tragam um diferencial para a teoria de marketing. Neste sentido, este trabalho baseia-se no entendimento e desenvolvimento do construto Esperança, importante na compreensão do comportamento do consumidor e, objeto de poucos e recentes trabalhos na área de marketing. Foi escolhido para o estudo, o consumidor de cirurgia plástica estética, por causa da presença do sentimento de esperança neste processo de compra, bem como pelo risco envolvido neste tipo de consumo, enriquecendo a análise do modelo. Assim, o foco desta tese foi elaborar e testar as influências do construto Esperança num modelo teórico aplicado ao comportamento do consumidor de cirurgia plástica estética no Brasil, principalmente na relação com os construtos Satisfação do Cliente, Confiança no Médico, Expectativas, Ansiedade e Risco Percebido. São apresentadas 12 hipóteses de pesquisa, integradas a um modelo teórico...

‣ Avaliação da prevalência da síndrome da resposta inflamatória sistêmica no pós-operatório da cirurgia estética de mama : uma contribuição para os cuidados perioperatórios; Assessment of the prevalence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome in the postoperative of cosmetic breast surgery : a contribution to the perioperative care

Carlos Roberto de Oliveira Sauer
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/11/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
506.754%
Introdução: Síndrome da resposta inflamatória sistêmica (SRIS) é uma situação clínica na qual ocorrem as alterações fisiológicas da sepse, mas que é desencadeada por uma agressão não infecciosa ao organismo. Foi definida em 1991, em consenso internacional, e, assim como a sepse, está associada à insuficiência de múltiplos órgãos e sistemas (IMOS) e à mortalidade. Não há muitos dados epidemiológicos a respeito da SRIS, mas sabe-se que a sepse grave e choque séptico são juntos a principal causa de morte nas unidades de terapia intensiva (UTIs) não coronarianas nos EUA e,no Brasil, são responsáveis por mais de 54.000 internações anualmente, com uma mortalidade associada de 32,9% e 64,1%, para sepse grave e choque séptico, respectivamente. Após documentar, em estudo fisiológico com cateter de artéria pulmonar, um caso de choque distributivo com depressão do miocárdio no pós-operatório imediato de uma cirurgia redutora de mama, sem qualquer associação a quadro infeccioso, foi feita, sem sucesso, uma extensa busca de casos semelhantes na literatura médica. Inclusive, nesta revisão, foi encontrada uma grande incidência de cirurgias estéticas de mama no Brasil: quase 280.000 por ano, dentre as quais 131.000 são mamoplastias redutoras. Objetivos: avaliar a prevalência de SRIS e SRIS grave no pós-operatório da cirurgia estética de mama e...

‣ A Review of Psychosocial Outcomes for Patients Seeking Cosmetic Surgery

Honigman, Roberta J.; Phillips, Katharine A.; Castle, David J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/04/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
504.54203%
The authors reviewed the literature on psychological and psychosocial outcomes for individuals undergoing cosmetic surgery, to address whether elective cosmetic procedures improve psychological well-being and psychosocial functioning and whether there are identifiable predictors of an unsatisfactory psychological outcome. They conducted a search of appropriate computerized databases for studies that evaluated psychological and psychosocial status both before and after elective cosmetic surgery. They identified 37 relevant studies of varying cosmetic procedures that utilized disparate methodologies. Overall, patients appeared generally satisfied with the outcome of their procedures, although some exhibited transient and some exhibited longer-lasting psychological disturbance. Factors associated with poor psychosocial outcome included being young, being male, having unrealistic expectations of the procedure, previous unsatisfactory cosmetic surgery, minimal deformity, motivation based on relationship issues, and a history of depression, anxiety, or personality disorder. Body dysmorphic disorder was also recognized by some studies as a predictor of poor outcome, a finding reinforced by reference to the psychiatric literature. The authors conclude that although most people appear satisfied with the outcome of cosmetic surgical procedures...

‣ Cosmetic surgery.

Harris, D. L.
Fonte: Royal College of Surgeons of England Publicador: Royal College of Surgeons of England
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/1989 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
484.17035%
The psychotherapeutic nature of cosmetic surgery is emphasised by outlining the range of symptoms from which patients suffer and by explaining the sequence of psychological reactions which cause them. The principles which govern the selection of patients are defined. A brief account of each of the main cosmetic operations is given together with notes on their limitations and risks.

‣ Socioeconomic Impact of Ethnic Cosmetic Surgery: Trends and Potential Financial Impact the African American, Asian American, Latin American, and Middle Eastern Communities Have on Cosmetic Surgery

Wimalawansa, Sunishka; McKnight, Aisha; Bullocks, Jamal M.
Fonte: Thieme Medical Publishers Publicador: Thieme Medical Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
503.86258%
The popularity of cosmetic surgery has increased around the world, and whereas in the past, the patient base consisted of mainly Caucasian individuals, interest in this field has grown among persons of varying ethnic backgrounds. Growing interest enables ethnic populations to contribute to the economic growth of the cosmetic surgery industry and impact the direction of the field in the future. Minority populations accounted for 22% of the cosmetic procedures performed in 2007, with the most common being liposuction, Botox® generic botulinum toxin type A (Allergan, Inc., Irvine, CA), and chemical peels. Ultimately, changes in the population characteristics of the plastic surgery patient will alter the techniques of plastic surgeons that treat ethnic patients to cater to their physical differences. Factors such as increased cultural acceptance of plastic surgery, growing ethnic populations, and media emphasis on personal appearance have contributed to the increase in minorities seeking out cosmetic surgery. Escalating economic power within these populations has created an additional potentially lucrative market for interested plastic surgeons.

‣ Prospective Demographic Study of Cosmetic Surgery Patients

Schlessinger, Joel; Schlessinger, Daniel; Schlessinger, Bernard
Fonte: Matrix Medical Communications Publicador: Matrix Medical Communications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
495.01957%
Objectives: The authors sought to examine and assess cosmetic surgery patient demographics as well as age in relation to partner, in a prospective manner, analyzing data for any significant correlations. Design: The authors conducted a prospective study utilizing a survey. Setting: The study was conducted in a private, nonacademic dermatological practice. Participants: Three hundred thirty-six patients participated in this study. Results: Demographics of onabotulinumtoxinA/abobotulinumtoxinA (neurotoxins), fillers, and laser hair removal users were studied. The data show that the average private practice cosmetic surgery patient in this study is a married (67.5%), college-educated or greater (66.9%), employed (74.3%), mother (74.5%). In the fillers category, 50 percent of women were older than their partners, as opposed to 14.8 percent in 2008 Census data. Additionally, women were more educated and employed to a higher percentage than similar women in 2008 Census data. Data on motivations were statistically not significant. Conclusion: Data from this study show potential correlations with Census data norms in marital status and motherhood status categories, but not in the age in relation to partner, education, and employment level categories. Motivations of individuals undergoing cosmetic surgery will need further analysis in future studies.

‣ Optimizing revenue at a cosmetic surgery centre

Funk, Joanna M; Verheyden, Charles N; Mahabir, Raman C
Fonte: Pulsus Group Inc Publicador: Pulsus Group Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
495.01957%
To run a successful medical practice and business, financial awareness is key. Cosmetic surgery is tied to the economy – as the economy improves, the demand for cosmetic surgery rises and vice versa. Surgeons must have a good understanding of financial decision making to optimize profitability. This article reviewed the financial records of a five-surgeon cosmetic surgery practice in Texas, USA, from 2003 to 2008, to investigate the methods of payment used for products, services and procedures.

‣ Factors that motivate people to undergo cosmetic surgery

Furnham, Adrian; Levitas, James
Fonte: Pulsus Group Inc Publicador: Pulsus Group Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
496.71293%
A sample of 204 British participants completed a questionnaire that assessed their attitude toward cosmetic surgery as well as measures of self-esteem, life satisfaction, self-rated physical attractiveness, religiosity and media consumption. Two factors emerged from a factor analysis of their attitudes toward surgery: likelihood to undergo, and benefits of undergoing, cosmetic surgery. Females with low self-esteem, low life satisfaction, low self-rated attractiveness and little religious beliefs who were heavy television watchers reported a greater likelihood of undergoing cosmetic surgery. Stepwise regression analysis with the two attitude factors as criterion variables showed two major predictors for likelihood: religiousness and low self-esteem, and four major predictors for benefit: religousness, media consumption, life satisfaction and sex. The role of religion is considered in this context.

‣ Awareness and Attitude of Healthcare Workers to Cosmetic Surgery in Osogbo, Nigeria

Adedeji, Opeyemi Adeniyi; Oseni, Ganiyu Oladiran; Olaitan, Peter Babatunde
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
510.29055%
This study aimed at understanding the level of awareness and elucidates the attitude and disposition of healthcare workers to cosmetic surgery in Osogbo, Nigeria. A questionnaire-based survey was done at LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, in 2012. Questionnaires were administered to 213 workers and students in the hospital. These were then analysed using SPSS version 16.0 with frequencies, means, and so forth. Respondents were 33 doctors, 32 nurses, 79 medical students, 60 nursing students, 4 administrative staff, 1 pharmacist, and 4 ward maids. There is fair awareness about cosmetic surgery generally with 94.5% and its availability in Nigeria with 67.0%. A fewer proportion of the respondents (44.5%) were aware of the facility for cosmetic surgery in their locality. A large percentage (86.5%) favorably considers facilities outside Nigeria when making choice of facility to have cosmetic surgery done. 85.5% considered the information about cosmetic surgery reliable while 19.0% objected going for cosmetic surgery of their choice even if done free. Only 34.0% consider cosmetic surgery socially acceptable. Although the awareness of health workers about cosmetic surgery is high, their disposition to it is low. There is a need to increase the awareness in order to increase cosmetic surgery practice in Nigeria.

‣ The Effect of Cost Suppression Under Universal Health Insurance on the Allocation of Talent and the Development of Expertise: Cosmetic Surgery in Japan

Ramseyer, J. Mark
Fonte: University of Chicago Press Publicador: University of Chicago Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
484.17035%
Japanese national health insurance provides universal coverage. This system necessarily entails a subsidy that dramatically raises the demand for medical services. In the face of the increased demand, the government suppresses costs by suppressing prices. Through biographical and income data on more than 4,000 Tokyo physicians, I explore the effect of this price suppression on the allocation of talent and the development of expertise. Crucially, this national health insurance does not cover services-like elective cosmetic surgery-deemed medically superfluous. Facing price caps in the covered sector but competitive prices in these "superfluous" sectors, the most talented doctors disproportionately shift into the "superfluous" sectors and there invest heavily in their expertise: cosmetic surgeons are more likely than other doctors (more likely even than noncosmetic plastic surgeons) to have attended a more selective medical school, to have served on a medical school faculty, to be board certified, and to earn high incomes.

‣ Spatial Distribution of Cosmetic-Procedure Businesses in Two U.S. Cities: A Pilot Mapping and Validation Study

Austin, S. Bryn; Gordon, Allegra R.; Kennedy, Grace A.; Sonneville, Kendrin R.; Blossom, Jeffrey; Blood, Emily A.
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
490.3493%
Cosmetic procedures have proliferated rapidly over the past few decades, with over $11 billion spent on cosmetic surgeries and other minimally invasive procedures and another $2.9 billion spent on U.V. indoor tanning in 2012 in the United States alone. While research interest is increasing in tandem with the growth of the industry, methods have yet to be developed to identify and geographically locate the myriad types of businesses purveying cosmetic procedures. Geographic location of cosmetic-procedure businesses is a critical element in understanding the public health impact of this industry; however no studies we are aware of have developed valid and feasible methods for spatial analyses of these types of businesses. The aim of this pilot validation study was to establish the feasibility of identifying businesses offering surgical and minimally invasive cosmetic procedures and to characterize the spatial distribution of these businesses. We developed and tested three methods for creating a geocoded list of cosmetic-procedure businesses in Boston (MA) and Seattle (WA), USA, comparing each method on sensitivity and staff time required per confirmed cosmetic-procedure business. Methods varied substantially. Our findings represent an important step toward enabling rigorous health-linked spatial analyses of the health implications of this little-understood industry.

‣ Oral foreign body granuloma: unusual presentation of a rare adverse reaction to permanent injectable cosmetic filler

Costa Miguel, M. C.; Nonaka, C. F. W.; Santos, J. N.; Germano, A. R.; Souza, L. B.
Fonte: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Publicador: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
488.45766%
COSTA MIGUEL, M. C.; NONAKA, C. F. W.; GERMANO, A. R.; SOUZA, L. B.; SOUZA, L. B. Oral foreign body granuloma: unusual presentation of a rare adverse reaction to permanent injectable cosmetic filler. International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery, v. 38, p. 385-387, 2009.; A variety of injectable permanent fillers have been used in orofacial tissues for cosmetic purposes. Most of these substances seem to be well tolerated but adverse reactions have been reported. Foreign body granulomas are a rare adverse reaction to injectable permanent fillers. The authors report the unusual case of a 56- year-old woman with a foreign body granuloma located exclusively in the oral cavity that was due to injection of a permanent filler

‣ An analysis of cosmetic surgery accounts and a proposed counselling framework.

Gooden, Rebecca
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
711.02914%
The thesis determined predominant themes that surround the topic of cosmetic surgery. On the basis of the findings a thematic counselling framework for cosmetic surgery clinical practice is proposed. A mixed methods design was chosen for this study. A thematic analysis was used to ascertain themes. A quasi-numerative approach was also utilised to establish the relative incidence of themes. Sources of data were media, internet message boards and interviews with men and women about cosmetic surgery. Two overarching themes emerged within the coding process. These were factors that might persuade someone to have and factors that might dissuade someone from having cosmetic surgery. A number of persuading and dissuading sub-themes were identified. Quantitative results demonstrated that within the two overarching themes 58% of the talk was persuasive of, whilst 42% was dissuasive of having cosmetic surgery. Some of the sub-themes found in the thesis were considered to compete with one another. This is evidence that patients have to negotiate conflicting information about cosmetic surgery. The findings of the dissertation are interpreted within a theoretical context. Through applying theories of decision-making and cognitive dissonance...

‣ Synthetic beauty: American women and cosmetic surgery

Anderson, Lenore Wright
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 425 p.; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
500.0215%
This dissertation constitutes an anthropological inquiry into the current American boom in facial and bodily cosmetic surgery. The exploration of this phenomenon utilizes the messages of the print media, the literature of the social and medical sciences, and the voices of women who tell their stories and interpret their experiences. The dissertation begins with a perspective on American society as a commercialized entity and also as a post-modern phenomenon. The commodification of American medicine is discussed as a related and yet distinct process. Chapter II provides an historical look at medical advertising in the United States and offers interpretive data on a collection of advertisements for cosmetic surgical procedures. Chapter III describes the conceptions of female beauty in the United States from the 1800s until 1989, and additionally supplies a feminist take on beauty and the viewpoints on female attractiveness held by cosmetic surgeons. Chapter IV overviews social science studies that discuss the importance of physical appearance, and psychological literature that establishes the nature of body-image over the life-cycle. This chapter also provides data on the interactions between plastic surgeons and their patients and discusses the potential psychiatric problems that might plague those who seek cosmetic surgery. Chapter V presents a discussion of the rhytidoplasty (facelift) and blepharoplasty (eyelift) operations...

‣ Revisiting embodiment in contemporary social theory : elective cosmetic surgery-'reflexive self-control' or 'intimate troubles'

Brooks, Ann Irene
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
490.73223%
Embodiment as an issue for social scientists was recently taken to another level of interest with the crowning in Beijing in December 2004, of ‘“Miss Artificial Beauty”, or “ren zao mei nu”, the term used for China’s growing ranks of beauties who get their good looks by going under the knife’ (Straits Times, Dec 19, 2004). It appears that the symmetry between reflexivity, identity and embodiment within postmodern society has achieved its full expression. As noted by Anthony Giddens (1991: 56) ‘[T]o learn to become a competent agent able to join with others on an equal basis in the production and reproduction of social relations-is to be able to exert a continuous and successful monitoring of face and body.’ For Giddens such monitoring is an aspect of ‘reflexive self-control’ and denotes a high level of reflexivity in individual choice and freedom. However for contemporary theorists of gender (Plummer 2003: 6), while postmodern society offers an ever wider range of choice of medical technologies and drugs ‘to transform that most central organ of intimacy: the body’, elective plastic surgery, cosmetic surgery, implants, are all part of what Plummer describes as ‘intimate troubles’, as the postmodern world becomes characterized by new sexual and gender identities. The paper considers these inclinations to radically transform the body through elective cosmetic surgery. The questions I am seeking to answer in this paper include: How are social scientists dealing with these new aspects of embodiment and identity? Are these new forms of embodiment best understood as providing increasing choices and freedoms or as ‘intimate troubles’?

‣ Predictors of Attitudes toward Cosmetic Surgery among U.S. and Colombian College Women: The Roles of Eating Behaviors and Demographic Variables; Predictivos de las actitudes hacia la cirugía cosmética entre mujeres universitarias colombianas y estadounidenses: los roles de las conductas de alimentación y de las variables demográficas; Preditivos das atitudes em relação à cirurgia cosmética entre mulheres universitárias colombianas e estadunidenses: os papeis das condutas de alimentação e das variáveis demográficas

Carrion, Carmen; Weinberger-Litman, Sarah; Rabin, Laura A; Fogel, Joshua; Fogel, Joshua
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/08/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
707.9952%
Cross-cultural studies on eating behaviors and related constructs can identify cultural and social factors that contribute to eating disorder symptomatology. Eating disorders (EDs) are a major cause for concern in the U.S., and recent studies in Colombia have shown growing rates among their female population. In addition, cosmetic surgery procedures have been increasing rapidly in both the U.S. and Colombia, and preliminary research suggests a positive relation between disordered eating and endorsement of plastic surgery. In samples of college women from Colombia and the U.S., we investigated patterns of association between disordered eating variables and cosmetic surgery acceptance. Our approach utilized separate analyses for various subcomponents of disordered eating (to determine their unique associations with cosmetic surgery acceptance) while adjusting for potentially relevant covariates and examining cross-cultural patterns. Participants were students at an urban, public college in the U.S. (n=163) and an urban, private college in Colombia (n=179). Overall, our findings suggested that participants from Colombia with greater disordered eating were more likely to endorse cosmetic surgery for social reasons, while those from the U.S. were more likely to consider undergoing cosmetic surgery for personal reasons. Differing findings between the two samples may be due to cultural and social factors...

‣ Cosmetic surgery & reality television: the relationship between college students' viewing of cosmetic surgery on reality television and self-reported attitudes toward cosmetic surgery

Reeves O'Connor, Elizabeth
Fonte: Department of Communication Publicador: Department of Communication
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
709.4709%
The current study explores the effects of viewing cosmetic surgery reality television programs (CSRTP) on self-reported attitudes toward cosmetic surgery. Undergraduate college students (N = 105) completed surveys and responded to questions related to their television viewing habits and their attitudes toward cosmetic surgery. Results of this study indicate that heavier viewers have a more favorable attitude toward cosmetic surgery for themselves than do non-viewers or lighter viewers. However, the results also indicate no significant difference in attitudes among heavier viewers, lighter viewers, and non-viewers regarding cosmetic surgery for others; additionally, the results show no significant difference in terms of the perceived social stigma, pain, and healing time associated with undergoing surgery.

‣ Consumption of fruits and vegetables and C-reactive protein in women undergoing cosmetic surgery

Lima,R. L. F. C.; Costa,M. J. C.; Filizola,R. G.; Asciutti,L. S. R.; Leite,R. F.; Ferreira,A. S. M.; Faintuch,J.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
588.23246%
Low-grade inflammation adversely influences metabolism and cardiovascular prognosis, nevertheless increased intake of fruits and vegetables has rarely been studied in this context. Objective: In a prospective controlled study, the effect on C-reactive protein (CRP) levels was assessed. Methodology: Sixty consecutive women undergoing cosmetic abdominal surgery were instructed to consume six servings each of fruits and vegetables during the first postoperative month. Detailed 24h interviewer-administered dietary recall was conducted at baseline and at the end of the study, with weekly returns to monitor unscheduled dietary changes and compliance with the protocol. Variance (ANOVA) and covariance (ANCOVA) were evaluated to confirm significance and minimize confounding variables. Results: No differences concerning age (42.2 ± 5.3 vs 41.1 ± 6.0 years) or BMI (25.5± 3.1 vs 25.0± 3.0 kg/m²) occurred. Ingestion of fruits increased to approximately 5.2 vs 3.9 and of vegetables 5.9 vs 3.4 servings/ day, respectively. CRP decreased more conspicuously in the treated group (P=0.028), and correlation between vitamin C input and CRP in supplemented participants was demonstrated (P=0.014). Conclusions: Higher intake of antioxidant foods was feasible...

‣ Psychopathology and psychiatric co-morbidities in patients seeking rhinoplasty for cosmetic reasons

Belli,H; Belli,S; Ural,C; Akbudak,M; Oktay,MF; Cim,EF Akyuz; Tabo,A; Umar,M; Pehlivan,B
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
496.28676%
AIM: The purpose of the study was to examine psychopathological traits and psychiatric co-morbidities in seekers of cosmetic rhinoplasty. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Fifty persons seeking cosmetic rhinoplasty and 50 control subjects were admitted to the study. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Symptom Checklist - 90 [Revised] (SCL-90-R) were administered to people who requested cosmetic rhinoplasty and control subjects. All participants were also screened by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-(SCIDI/ CV, SCID-II). RESULTS: Thirteen cosmetic rhinoplasty seekers [CRS] (26%) and three control subjects (6%) had at least one psychiatric diagnosis. There was a significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.006). Beck depression inventory (p = 0.002) and BAI (p = 0.046) levels above the cut-off point were significantly higher in the CRS group than in the normal control. Somatoform disorders were statistically higher in the CRS than control group (p = 0.007). Nine CRS (18%) and two control subjects (4%) had at least one personality disorder. There were differences between the two groups (p = 0.025). The average of SCL-90-R was significantly higher in the CRS than in the control subjects (p < 0.001). The most prevalent somatoform disorders of the CRS were six with body dysmorphic disorder [BDD] (12%). The most prevalent personality disorders of the CRS were three with avoidant (6%) and three with narcissistic (6%) personality. CONCLUSION: Assessment of detailed psychopathological aspects and psychiatric co-morbidities could help to define the clinical profile of people requesting cosmetic rhinoplasty in cosmetic surgery settings. Research into these factors may be important as it is essential to detect crucial problems such as personality disorders and BDD before surgery.