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‣ IMUNIZAÇÃO NASAL EM COELHOS COM NEISSERIA LACTAMICA: IMPORTÂNCIA DOS ANTÍGENOS DE REATIVIDADE CRUZADA; Nasal Immunization in rabbits with Neisseria lactamica: importance of cross-reactive antigens

Tunes, Claudia Feriotti
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/03/2006 Português
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Neisseria lactamica, uma bactéria comensal não patogênica, predominantemente humana e usualmente encontrada no trato respiratório superior de crianças, está intimamente relacionada a Neisseria meningitidis patogênica. A colonização com N. lactamica pode ser responsável pelo envolvimento da imunidade natural contra a infecção pelos meningococos em crianças pequenas, quando as taxas de portadores de meningococos são baixas. Estas características levam a sugerir que os componentes de N. lactamica possam ser um elemento-chave para a produção de uma nova vacina para N. meningitidis. Devido ao pouco conhecimento sobre a dinâmica dos portadores e sobre a diversidade da população de N. lactamica em crianças, tem sido difícil escolher um isolado representativo para preparar um adequado produto imunogênico. Em nosso estudo, foi proposto um protocolo para estudar a imunogenicidade de whole cells de N. lactamica, N. meningitidis, N. sicca ou N. meningitidis c (isoladas de portadores), através da imunização intranasal em coelhos, considerando a via de entrada natural do patógeno. Isolados da orofaringe de N. lactamica, N. meningitidis, N. sicca ou N. meningitidis c, foram inoculados em coelhos adultos pela via intranasal...

‣ Avaliação da administração peridural sacrococcígea e lombossacra de lidocaína e bupivacaína em coelhos; Evaluation of lombossacral and sacrococcigeal peridural administration of lidocaine and bupivacaine in rabbits

Pedron, Bruno Gregnanin
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/07/2013 Português
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A espécie leporina vem sendo utilizada de forma ampla como modelo experimental em diversas áreas da medicina e medicina veterinária. A escassez de estudos publicados nesta área torna questionável a utilização ética da espécie em experimentos cirúrgicos. O objetivo foi determinar a duração dos bloqueios motor e sensitivo da lidocaína e bupivacaína administradas pela via peridural sacrococcígea e lombossacra e seus efeitos cardiovasculares e respiratórios associados a anestesia geral inalatória em coelhos submetidos a orquiectomia. Foram utilizados 30 animais da espécie leporina, raça Nova Zelândia Branco, pesando entre 2,350 e 3,300 kg, distribuídos em cinco grupos experimentais. O grupo Lido LS recebeu 0,3 ml/kg de lidocaína a 2% pela via peridural lombossacra; o grupo Lido SC recebeu 0,3 ml/kg de lidocaína a 2% pela via peridural sacrococcígea; o grupo Bupi LS recebeu 0,3 ml/kg de bupivacaína a 0,5% pela via peridural lombossacra; o grupo Bupi SC recebeu 0,3 ml/kg de bupivacaína a 0,5% pela via peridural sacrococcígea e o grupo Controle recebeu 0,3 ml/kg de solução fisiológica pela via peridural lombossacra. A administração peridural foi realizada por meio de punção simples com agulha hipodérmica. Na primeira parte do experimento...

‣ Infecção e enfermidade neurológica pelo herpesvírus bovino tipo 5(BHV-5) : coelhos como modelo experimental; Acute infection and neurological disease by bovine herpesvirus type-5 (BHV-5) : rabbits as an experimental model

Beltrão, Nilzane; Flores, Eduardo Furtado; Weiblen, Rudi; Silva, Adriana Maria da; Roehe, Paulo Michel; Irigoyen, Luiz Fernando
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Coelhos são susceptíveis à infecção pelo herpesvírus bovino tipo 5 (BHV-5) e freqüentemente desenvolvem enfermidade neurológica aguda fatal após inoculação intranasal. A cinética da invasão do sistema nervoso central (SNC) de coelhos pelo BHV-5 foi estudada através de pesquisa de vírus em secções do SNC a diferentes intervalos pósinoculação. Após inoculação intranasal, o vírus foi inicialmente detectado no bulbo olfatório às 48h, seguido do córtex olfatório às 48/72h. Às 72/96h o vírus foi detectado também no gânglio trigêmeo, ponte e córtex cerebral. Dois experimentos foram realizados para avaliar a importância do sistema olfatório na invasão do SNC de coelhos pelo BHV-5. No primeiro experimento, coelhos foram inoculados com duas amostras do BHV-5 no saco conjuntival. Coelhos inoculados por essa via também desenvolveram a enfermidade neurológica, porém com menor freqüência com curso clínico tardio. No segundo experimento, doze coelhos foram submetidos à ablação cirúrgica do bulbo olfatório e posteriormente inoculados com o BHV-5 pela via intranasal. Onze de 12 coelhos controle (91,6%), não submetidos à cirurgia, desenvolveram a doença neurológica, contra quatro de 12 (33,3%) dos animals submetidos à remoção cirúrgica do bulbo olfatório. Esses resultados demonstram que o sistema olfatório constitui-se na principal via de acesso do BHV-5 ao encéfalo de coelhos após inoculação intranasal. No entanto...

‣ Homogenous demineralized dentin matrix for application in cranioplasty of rabbits with alloxan-induced diabetes: Histomorphometric analysis

Gomes, Mônica Fernandes; De Freitas Banzi, Éfani Caroline Freitas; De Souza Setúbal Destro, Maria Fernanda; Lavinicki, Valmir; Das Graças Vilela Goulart, Maria
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 939-947
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Purpose: The aim of this work was to evaluate the bone-repair process after implantation of homogenous demineralized dentin matrix (HDDM) slices in surgical defects created in the parietal bones of rabbits with alloxan-induced diabetes. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight rabbits were selected and divided into 4 groups of 12 rabbits: the control group, diabetic rabbits (D), diabetic rabbits with a PTFE barrier (D-PTFE), and diabetic rabbits with a PTFE barrier and with slices of homogenous demineralized dentin matrix (D-PTFE+HDDM). The diabetic animals received a single dose of alloxan monohydrate (90 mg/kg) intravenously on the marginal ear vein, and their blood glucose was verified daily. The rabbits were sacrificed after 15, 30, 60, and 90 days. The histologic findings show both better bone structure and significantly greater bone density, as determined by histomorphometric analysis, for the D-PTFE + HDDM group than for the other 3 groups (P < .01). It was also observed that the mean bone density increased gradually from 15 to 90 days (except in the D-PTFE group). Conclusion: It was concluded that the HDDM was biocompatible with the bone repair of diabetic rabbits and that HDDM slices stimulated bone tissue formation. Facilitation of bone repair with HDDM could be useful in diabetic patients.

‣ Optical density of bone repair after implantation of homogenous demineralized dentin matrix in diabetic rabbits

Gomes, Mônica Fernandes; Destro, Maria Fernanda de Souza Setúbal; Banzi, Éfani Caroline de Freitas; Vieira, Evanice Menezes Marçal; Morosolli, Aline Rose Cantarelli; Goulart, Maria das Graças Vilela
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 275-280
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This research evaluated the bone repair process after implantation of homogenous demineralized dentin matrix (HDDM) in surgical defects in the parietal bone of rabbits with alloxan-induced diabetes, using a polytetrafluorethylene (PTFe) barrier for guided bone regeneration. Thirty-six rabbits were used and divided into four groups: control (C, n = 12), diabetic (D, n = 12, left parietal bone), diabetic with PTFe (DPTFe, same 12 rabbits, right parietal bone), and diabetic with PTFe associated to HDDM (D-PTFe+HDDM, n = 12). Bone defects were created in the parietal bone of the rabbits and the experimental treatments were performed, where applicable. The rabbits were sacrificed after 15, 30, 60 and 90 days. The bone defects were examined radiographically and by optical density (ANOVA and Tukey test, p < .05). The radiographic findings showed that the D-PTFe+HDDM group presented greater radiopacity and better trabecular bone arrangement when compared to that of the C, D and D-PTFe groups. The statistical analysis showed significant differences in the optical density of the newly formed bone among the studied groups. It was possible to conclude that HDDM was biocompatible in diabetic rabbits.

‣ Carcass and meat quality traits of rabbits under heat stress

Zeferino, C. P.; Komiyama, C. M.; Fernandes, S.; Sartori, J. R.; Teixeira, P. S S; Moura, A. S A M T
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 518-523
Português
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Rabbits are very sensitive to heat stress because they have difficulty eliminating excess body heat. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the effects of heat stress on slaughter weight, dressing percentage and carcass and meat quality traits of rabbits from two genetic groups. Ninety-six weaned rabbits were used: half were from the Botucatu genetic group and half were crossbreds between New Zealand White sires and Botucatu does. They were assigned to a completely randomized design in a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement (two genetic groups and three ambient temperatures: 18°C, 25°C and 30°C) and kept under controlled conditions in three environmental chambers from 5 to 10 weeks of age. Slaughter took place at 10 weeks, on 2 consecutive days. Meat quality measurements were made in the longissimus muscle. Actual average ambient temperature and relative humidity in the three chambers were 18.4°C and 63.9%, 24.4°C and 80.2% and 29.6°C and 75.9%, respectively. Purebred rabbits were heavier at slaughter and had heavier commercial and reference carcasses than crossbreds at 30°C; however, no differences between genetic groups for these traits were found at lower temperatures. No genetic group × ambient temperature interaction was detected for any other carcass or meat quality traits. The percentages of distal parts of legs...

‣ Effect of mannan oligosaccharides on the performance, intestinal morphology and cecal fermentation of fattening rabbits

Mourão, José Luís; Pinheiro, Victor; Alves, A.; Guedes, Cristina; Pinto, L.; Saavedra, Maria José; Spring, P.; Kocher, A.
Fonte: Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Publicador: Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The five experimental treatments were as follow: Control (no additives); MOS 1 (Bio-Mos®, 1 g kg−1); MOS 1.5 (Bio-Mos®, 1.5 g kg−1); MOS 2 (Bio-Mos®, 2 g kg−1) and AGP (Zn-Bacitracin; 0.1 g kg−1). Experimental diets were based on alfalfa, sunflower meal, wheat and beet pulp and were offered ad libitum through out the experiment. Trial 1 used 400 weaned mixed-sex rabbits divided into the five treatments with 10 replicates and 8 rabbits/replicate. Rabbits were weighed at weaning (day 32) and at the end of the experiment (day 67). Weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion ratio (FCR) and mortality were evaluated using a commercial grow-out facility. Trial 2 used 220 weaned rabbits divided into the same five experimental treatment groups and housed in groups of 4 in 11 flat deck cages located in an experimental rabbit house. In trial 2 performance, intestinal morphology and cecal fermentation were determined. In both trials, rabbit daily weight gain and feed intake were not affected by treatments. However, in trial 1 MOS rabbits had better (P<0.05) FCR than control rabbits and similar to AGP rabbits. Also in this trial, the mortality with MOS and AGP treatments tended to be lower (P=0.052) than with control diet. Results in trial 2 showed longer villi (P<0.05) in rabbits fed MOS or AGP compared to the control group...

‣ Effects of age and mannanoligosaccharides supplementation on production of volatile fatty acids in the caecum of rabbits

Guedes, Cristina; Mourão, José Luís; Silva, Severiano; Gomes, Maria José; Rodrigues, M.M.; Pinheiro, Victor
Fonte: Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Publicador: Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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This trial studied the effect of including mannanoligosaccharides (MOS, Bio-Mos®, Alltech Inc., USA) in the diet on the caecal volatile fatty acids (VFA) and pH of rabbits from 34 to 90 days of age. Three experimental diets were compared: control diet, zinc bacitracin (ZnBac) diet (control diet with 0.1 g ZnBac/kg feed) and MOS diet (control diet with 2.0 g MOS/kg feed). Rabbits were slaughtered at 34, 48, 69 and 90 days of age and caecal contents were collected and analyzed for dry matter, pH and VFA concentration. The empty caecum and caecal contents weights relative to live weight were also determined. Age affected (P<0.0001) VFA concentration and pH values in the caecum. The pH decreased with age whereas VFA concentration increased. Rabbits fed MOS had higher (P<0.05) VFA and tended (P=0.098) to had lower pH in the caecum than rabbits fed ZnBac and control diets. Acetic, propionic and butyric acids concentrations in the caecum increased with MOS but its molar proportions were similar among diets. Diet had no effect on empty caecum weight and caecal contents weight and dry matter concentration. There was no interaction effect between diet and age. From 34 to 90 days of age, VFA production was higher (P<0.05) in the caecum of rabbits fed MOS than in those fed ZnBac diet and control diet. The addition of MOS to the diet increased the VFA concentration in the caecum of growing rabbits from 34 to 90 days of age.

‣ Effects of fibre level and dietary mannanoligosaccharides on digestibility, caecal volatile fatty acids and performances of growing rabbits. Animal Feed Science and Technology

Pinheiro, Victor; Guedes, Cristina; Outor-Monteiro, Divanildo; Mourão, José Luís
Fonte: Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Publicador: Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The current experiment with 3 trials aimed to study the effect of two levels of dietary fibre – high fibre (HF; 323 g aNDFom/kg) and low fibre (LF; 248 g aNDFom/kg) – and the effect of mannanoligosaccharides (MOS) addition (1 g/kg) to the LF diet (LFM) on the performances and health status of growing rabbits, digestibility and caecal fermentative characteristics. In the growth trial 132 rabbits of both sexes were used (11 cages with 4 rabbits per treatment) from weaning (32 days of age) to slaughter (67 days of age). Rabbits fed HF diet showed a significantly higher weight gain and live weight at 67 days than rabbits fed LF diet (2032 g vs. 1935 g) (P<0.05). Feed and digestible energy intake increased with dietary fibre level (P<0.05). During the growing period rabbits fed HF diet had a feed intake 26% higher than those fed LF diet. Feed efficiency ratio was worse in HF animals (0.334 vs. 0.385; P<0.05). Addition of MOS to LF diet did not affect growth performance parameters (P>0.05). Mortality and morbidity rate were not affected by treatments. In the digestibility 24 rabbits from 46 to 51 days of age trial were used. The HF diet resulted in a significant (P<0.05) decrease in digestibility of dry matter, organic matter and protein while the aNDFom digestibility was not significantly different between diets (P>0.05). Supplementation with MOS had no effects on digestibility (P>0.05). In the 3rd trial the caecal traits were measured in 30 rabbits with 46 days of age that received the experimental diets in the previous 14 days. Caecal production of total volatile fatty acids (VFA)...

‣ Effect of substitution of wheat starch by potato starch on the performance, digestive physiology and health of growing rabbits

Pinheiro, V,; Falcão e Cunha, L,; Mourão, José Luis; Gidenne, T.
Fonte: Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Publicador: Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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The goal of this research was to study the effect of the substitution of wheat starch by potato starch (PS) on the performance, health and digestion of growing rabbits. Three experimental diets were formulated with 0%, 7% and 14% PS (PS0, PS7 and PS14, respectively) and similar starch contents (22% dry matter basis), proteins and fibre. The three diets were administered to three groups of 48 rabbits from weaning (28 days) to slaughter (70 days), and growth and health measurements were made. Another 10 rabbits per diet (30 rabbits at each age), reared under similar conditions, were slaughtered at 6 to 10 weeks of age, and the digesta were collected to analyse the caecal microbial activity (pH, volatile fatty acids (VFA) levels, fibrolytic activity) and the starch concentration in the ileal digesta. At the same ages, the whole tract digestibility coefficients were measured in 10 other rabbits for each treatment (30 rabbits). The feed intake between 28 and 42 days of age (days) increased by 11% (P < 0.05) in PS0 v. PS14. Over the whole growth period (28 to 70 days), weight gain was similar among diets (40.5 g/day), whereas the feed intake and feed conversion increased (8.5% and 5.2%, respectively; P < 0.05) with the PS14 diet. Mortality and morbidity were not affected by the diets. The starch concentration of the ileal contents increased (P < 0.01) with the addition of PS to the diet (0.39%...

‣ Pathogenesis of meningoencephalitis in rabbits by bovine herpesvirus type-5 (BHV-5)

Silva,Adriana M. da; Flores,Eduardo F.; Weiblen,Rudi; Canto,Marister C.; Irigoyen,Luiz F.; Roehe,Paulo M.; Sousa,Renato S. de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1999 Português
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This article describes the main aspects of bovine herpesvirus type-5 (BHV-5) neurologic infection and disease in rabbits, a candidate animal model for studying BHV-5 neuropathogenesis. Intranasal inoculation of weanling rabbits with a Brazilian BHV-5 isolate produced neurological disease and death in 78.8% (26/33) of the animals. Neurological signs started as early as 5 days post-inoculation and lasted from 10-12 hours up to several days. Most animals evolved to a moribund state or death within 24 (69.2%) to 48 hours (88.5%). Neurological disease was characterized by excitability or depression, tremors, bruxism, walking or running in circles, backward arching of the head and body, incoordination, backward and sideways falling, paddling, profound depression and death. Moderate levels of infectivity were detected in several areas of the brain, most consistently in the ventro-lateral hemisphere (in 16 out of 20 animals), anterior cerebrum (15/20), midbrain (11/20), dorso-lateral hemisphere (10/20) and pons (12/26). Infectious virus was also recovered from the olfactory bulb (9/20), medulla oblongata (10/26), cerebellum (7/20), posterior cerebrum (5/20) and trigeminal ganglia (4/20). No gross lesions were observed. Microscopic lesions were mild and consisted of non-suppurative meningitis...

‣ Efficacy of the d-phenothrin/pyriproxyfen association against mites in naturally co-infested rabbits

Fernandes,Julio I.; Verocai,Guilherme G.; Ribeiro,Francisco A.; Melo,Raquel M.P.S.; Correia,Thaís R.; Coumendouros,Katherina; Scott,Fabio B.
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA) Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal - CBPA; Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (EMBRAPA)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2013 Português
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The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of the d-phenothrin/pyriproxyfen association against Psoroptes ovis, Cheyletiella parasitivorax, and Leporacarus gibbus infestations in naturally co-infested rabbits. Twenty crossbreed (New Zealand White x California) rabbits concurrently infested by the three mite species were randomly divided in two groups. All rabbits presented with hyperemia, erythema and formation of crusts in the ear canals caused by P. ovis. Infestations by both C. parasitivorax and L. gibbus were considered asymptomatic in all animals.Ten animals were treated with a 4.4% d-phenothrin and 0.148% pyriproxyfen spray formulation until have their body surface uniformly sprayed, including external ear canals. The other ten rabbits remained untreated, serving as control group. Observations were done on days +7, +14, +21, +28, and +35 post-treatment. The d-phenothrin/pyriproxyfen association showed 100% efficacy against the three mite species and was responsible for the remission of psoroptic mange lesions on treated animals. No signs of intoxication were observed. The results indicate that d-phenothrin/pyriproxyfen spray formulation in a single application is an effective and clinically safe option for the control of different mite infestations in rabbits.

‣ Effects of experimental infections with larvae of Eustrongylides ignotus Jäegerskiold, 1909 and Contracaecum multipapillatum (Drasche, 1882) Baylis, 1920 in rabbits

Barros,L.A.; Tortelly,R.; Pinto,R.M.; Gomes,D.C.
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 Português
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Rabbits were infected per os with 10 Eustrongylides ignotus L4 and with 50 Contracaecum multipapillatum L3 per rabbit, recovered from naturally infected freshwater fishes (Hoplias malabaricus) in order to evaluate the patogenicity of these two nematode species in mammalian host. Two rabbits (20%) infected with E. ignotus died before the fourth day post-inoculation (one after 51 and the other after 78 hours). Six rabbits (60%) were inappetent until the fifth day following experimental inoculation. No clinical signs in rabbits inoculated with C. multipapillatum were observed; nevertheless, eight (80%) animals were positive for this nematode species. Rabbits inoculated with E. ignotus, had gastric congestion with hematoma of the gastric wall in 60% of the cases. Peritoneum was congested in 20% of the animals with the presence of peritoneal abscess in 10% of the cases. All inoculated animals showed hyperemia of the gastric mucosa with hemorrhagic gastritis due to infections with E. ignotus. In C. multipapillatum inoculated animals, the hyperemia was followed by disruption of the epithelial mucosa in the sites of parasite attachment. In the gastric mucosa, miscellaneous leukocitary infiltrates, with multifocal necrosis reaching the submucosa in the infections with C. multipapillatum were observed under bright field microscopy. Perforating lesions in several organs...

‣ Experimental model of severe acute pancreatitis in rabbits

Goldenberg,Alberto; Romeo,Ana Celia Diniz Cabral Barbosa; Moreira,Márcia Bento; Apodaca,Franz Robert; Linhares,Marcelo Moura; Matone,Jacques
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2007 Português
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PURPOSE: To develop an experimental model of severe acute pancreatitis in rabbits through a pancreatic ductal injection of sodium taurocholate. METHODS: Twenty-four albino rabbits of the New Zealand lineage were distributed into four groups of six animals (A, B, C and S). The rabbits of three experimental groups (A, B and C) were submitted to a laparatomy and received a pancreatic ductal injection of 1ml/kg sodium taurocholate 5%. Also, they were submitted to further laparatomies after 4h, 8h and 12h, respectively. The control group (S) was subdivided into two groups of three animals: in subgroup S1 only the pancreatic duct catheterization was performed whereas in subgroup S2 the pancreatic duct catheterization as well as an injection of 1ml/kg physiologic solution 0.9% were carried out. After 12 hours, the rabbits were evaluated. In the re-intervention, blood was collected to determine the amylasemia and a pancreatectomy was carried out to investigate interstitial infiltration, steatonecrosis and necrosis of the organ, using an optical microscope. RESULTS: There was an elevation of amylase in all groups thus proving the existence of acute pancreatitis. The size of the interlobular septum increased progressively with a greater variation between group S1 (0.13) and group C (0. 53) (p=0.035). While all the animals in group A exhibited focal cellular necrosis...

‣ Preparation of infertile male rabbits by local electron beam irradiation for intratesticular transplantation of autologous bone marrow stem cells

Zhao,Xin-Hong; Qiu,Jian-Hong; Cai,Wen-Qing; Li,Song; Li,Wei
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Cirurgia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2013 Português
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PURPOSE: To explore an efficient and safe protocol for the preparation of infertile male rabbits from which bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) could be isolated and cultured. METHODS: Autologous BMSCs could be used for intratesticular transplantation and male infertility research. For this model, various doses (e.g., 6, 8, 10, or 12 Gy) of electron beam irradiation from a linear accelerator were locally applied to the scrotum of 5-month-old male New Zealand white rabbits. The effects of irradiation were compared between treatment groups, and with age-matched normal controls. Both morphology and hollow ratios of seminiferous tubules (HRST) were examined two, four, six, eight and 12-weeks post-irradiation. RESULTS: The seminiferous epithelium showed varying degrees of damage in all treatment groups compared with unirradiated controls, yet Sertoli and Leydig cells appeared unaffected. A dose-dependent response in spermatogenesis was also observed. BMSCs that were isolated and cultured from rabbits of the normal control group and the 12 Gy treatment group were compared with respect to morphology and growth. Starting at 6 weeks, HRST of the 12 Gy-treatment group were stable, and were the highest among all the groups. BMSCs from rabbits treated with 12 Gy also exhibited similar growth as the control group. CONCLUSION: Local dose of 12 Gy to the testes of 5-month-old male New Zealand rabbits is a protocol with which to obtain autologous bone marrow stem cells.

‣ Evaluation of the ability of an experimental model to induce bacterial rhinosinusitis in rabbits,

Dolci,Eduardo Landini Lutaif; Campos,Carlos Augusto Correia de; Silva,Leonardo da; Dolci,Ricardo Landini Lutaif; Dolci,José Eduardo Lutaif
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cervicofacial Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cervicofacial
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
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Introduction: For decades, animals have been used in sinonasal experimental models, and the practice has increased substantially in the last few years. This study aimed to assess the pathogenesis of infectious process and medication efficiency to treat rhinosinusitis. Objective: To evaluate the efficiency of the proposed experimental model to induce an acute bacterial sinonasal infectious process through histological analysis and sinus secretion cultures. Methods: This was an experimental study with 22 New Zealand rabbits, divided into: group A (six rabbits), group B (seven rabbits), group C (seven rabbits), and group D (control group with two rabbits). Rhinosinusitis was induced by the insertion of a synthetic sponge into the right nasal cavity of 20 animals (study groups), followed by the instillation of bacterial strains (50% Staphylococcus sp. and 50% Streptococcus sp.). The groups were euthanized within 10 days (group A), 17 days (group B), and 30 days (groups C and D). Results: All the rabbits of the study group developed acute bacterial rhinosinusitis, which was diagnosed through macroscopic evaluation, histological analysis, and sinus secretion culture. Conclusion: The proposed model is technically simple to perform...

‣ Estudo das alterações retinianas em olhos de coelhos após injeções intravítreas seriadas de infliximabe; Study of retinal alterations in eyes of rabbits after serial intravitreous injections of infliximab

RASSI, Alan Ricardo
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Ciencias da Saude; Ciencias da Saude Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Ciencias da Saude; Ciencias da Saude
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The objective of this study was to determine the levels of toxicity of two and three intravitreous injections of infliximab to the retina and choroid of albino rabbits by means of histological, electroretinographic and clinical ophthalmological tests. Twelve New Zealand albino rabbits (24 eyes) were used in the study. Each eye was given two (n=10) or three (n=10) serial intravitreous 2 mg injections of infliximab dissolved in 0.06 ml of saline, at monthly intervals. A separate group of rabbits (n=4 eyes) served as a control group. Ninety days after the first injection, the rabbits underwent electroretinographic and clinical ophthalmological tests. After being enucleated, the eyes underwent histological examination. No clinical ophthalmologic abnormalities were detected in the 24 eyes studied. The histological change noted was the presence of rare lymphocytes and eosinophiles in the posterior vitreous of four eyes subjected to two injections and six eyes subjected to three injections of infliximab, but it was not considered clinically significant. One clinically significant abnormality was found, a severe inflammatory reaction with vitreous exudates and ganglion cell edema in both eyes of a single rabbit, subjected to two to three injections of infliximab. The electroretinographic tests showed amplitudes that were on the average 12% smaller than those obtained before the treatment. However...

‣ Do sheep worms occur in wild hares and rabbits in Australia?.

Tai, Marina Hsiang Hua
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013 Português
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Areas of common grazing between hares (Lepus europaeus), rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and sheep (Ovis aries) are widespread in south eastern Australia. For much of the year, lagomorphs are exposed to the infective larvae of the nematode parasites of livestock on farm pastures. Given that gastrointestinal parasites are a major problem for sheep graziers and that in experimental circumstances sheep helminths are able to develop in rabbits and hares, free-living lagomorphs were investigated regarding carriage of ovine nematode parasites under field conditions. 110 hares and 88 rabbits were shot by hunters in paddocks previously grazed by sheep or in vineyards near sheep pastures. Lagomorphs were acquired from November 2010 to August 2012 from the Adelaide region of South Australia, the western district of Victoria and central western New South Wales. Total helminth counts and examinations of spicule morphology were performed. PCR was utilized to confirm findings. My study revealed that the ruminant worm, Trichostrongylus colubriformis, is common in hares (prevalence 32.7%) and also, occasionally, occurs in rabbits (prevalence 3.4%). Statistical analysis showed no significant effects of age or sex of either hares or rabbits, in prevalence of worms (P >0.05). Chi-Square and Fisher Exact tests were performed and showed that...

‣ Dexamethasone-induced reactivation of bovine herpesvirus type 5 latent infection in experimentally infected rabbits results in a broader distribution of latent viral DNA in the brain

Mayer,S.V.; de Quadros,V.L.; Vogel,F.S.F.; Winkelmann,E.R.; Arenhart,S.; Weiblen,R.; Flores,E.F.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2006 Português
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Bovine herpesvirus type 5 (BHV-5) is a major agent of meningoencephalitis in cattle and establishes latent infections mainly in sensory nerve ganglia. The distribution of latent BHV-5 DNA in the brain of rabbits prior to and after virus reactivation was studied using a nested PCR. Fifteen rabbits inoculated intranasally with BHV-5 were euthanized 60 days post-inoculation (group A, N = 8) or submitted to dexamethasone treatment (2.6 mg kg-1 day-1, im, for 5 days) and euthanized 60 days later (group B, N = 7) for tissue examination. Two groups of BHV-1-infected rabbits (C, N = 3 and D, N = 3) submitted to each treatment were used as controls. Viral DNA of group A rabbits was consistently detected in trigeminal ganglia (8/8), frequently in cerebellum (5/8), anterior cerebral cortex and pons-medulla (3/8) and occasionally in dorsolateral (2/8), ventrolateral and posterior cerebral cortices, midbrain and thalamus (1/8). Viral DNA of group B rabbits showed a broader distribution, being detected at higher frequency in ventrolateral (6/7) and posterior cerebral cortices (5/7), pons-medulla (6/7), thalamus (4/7), and midbrain (3/7). In contrast, rabbits inoculated with BHV-1 harbored viral DNA almost completely restricted to trigeminal ganglia and the distribution did not change post-reactivation. These results demonstrate that latency by BHV-5 is established in several areas of the rabbit's brain and that virus reactivation leads to a broader distribution of latent viral DNA. Spread of virus from trigeminal ganglia and other areas of the brain likely contributes to this dissemination and may contribute to the recrudescence of neurological disease frequently observed upon BHV-5 reactivation.

‣ Coevolution of Host and Virus: The Pathogenesis of Virulent and Attenuated Strains of Myxoma Virus in Resistant and Susceptible European Rabbits

Best, Sonja M; Kerr, P J
Fonte: Academic Press Publicador: Academic Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Myxoma virus was introduced into the European rabbit population of Australia in 1950. Although the virus was initially highly lethal in rabbits, there was rapid selection for less virulent strains of virus and innately resistant rabbits. To investigate the basis of resistance to myxoma virus, we have compared the pathogenesis of the virulent strain of myxoma virus originally released into Australia and an attenuated, naturally derived field strain of myxoma virus. This was done in laboratory rabbits, which have not been selected for resistance, and in wild rabbits that have developed significant resistance. Wild rabbits were able to recover from infection with virus that was always lethal in laboratory rabbits. Laboratory rabbits were able to control and recover from infection with attenuated virus. This virus caused a trivial disease in wild rabbits. There was little difference between laboratory and wild rabbits in titers of either virulent or attenuated virus in the skin at the inoculation site. However, resistant wild rabbits had a 10- to 100-fold lower titer of virulent virus within the lymph node draining the inoculation site and controlled virus replication in tissues distal to the draining lymph node. Replication of virus in lymphocytes or fibroblasts cultured from wild and laboratory rabbits demonstrated that resistance was not due to altered cellular permissivity for replication. Neutralizing antibodies were present in both susceptible and resistant rabbits...